Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Understanding Hacking Tools – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Discover the Essential Ethical Hacking Tools of 2024: An In-Depth Guide. This collection, comprising both open-source and proprietary options, aims to facilitate the identification and exploitation of vulnerabilities within computer systems, web applications, servers, and networks. They offer comprehensive functionalities for the ethical hacking of web applications, servers, and networks.


Kali Linux – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Kali Linux is supported and developed by Offensive Security, a leader in providing exceptional information security training and penetration testing services. Beyond Kali Linux, Offensive Security also maintains the Exploit Database and offers the Metasploit Unleashed course at no cost.

Penetration Testing with Kali Linux

Kali Linux serves as more than a mere operating system due to its inclusion of numerous penetration testing tools.

State-of-the-art hacking tools include a variety of software aimed at cybersecurity professionals, ethical hackers, and, in some unfortunate cases, malicious actors. It’s crucial to utilize these tools responsibly, requiring a deep understanding of networks, systems, and cybersecurity principles. Below is a brief overview, with a more detailed analysis to follow.

  1. Metasploit: A highly regarded framework for penetration testing that enables security researchers to discover and exploit vulnerabilities in software. It’s widely used for crafting and executing exploit code against remote targets.
  2. Nmap (Network Mapper): An indispensable tool for network discovery and security auditing, Nmap is utilized to identify hosts and services on a computer network by sending packets and analyzing responses.
  3. Wireshark: This network protocol analyzer is crucial for capturing and interactively browsing the traffic on a computer network, making it essential for network analysis and troubleshooting.
  4. Aircrack-ng: A comprehensive suite of tools for Wi-Fi network security assessment. It focuses on monitoring, attacking, testing, and cracking, facilitating packet capture and data export for further analysis.
  5. John the Ripper: Recognized as a fast password cracker, this tool is primarily designed for identifying weak Unix passwords, though it supports hashes on many other platforms as well.
  6. Burp Suite: An integrated platform for conducting security testing of web applications. It comprises various tools for detailed mapping and analysis of web applications.
  7. Kali Linux: Although not a tool but a Linux distribution, Kali Linux comes packed with hundreds of tools for performing a wide range of information security tasks, including penetration testing, security research, computer forensics, and reverse engineering.
  8. OWASP ZAP (Zed Attack Proxy): This open-source web application security scanner is designed to automatically identify security vulnerabilities in web applications as they are developed and tested.
  9. SQLmap: A penetration testing tool that automates the process of detecting and exploiting SQL injection flaws, enabling the takeover of database servers.
  10. Maltego: An open-source intelligence (OSINT) and forensics tool focused on gathering and analyzing information about the relationships and real-world connections between people, groups, and organizations online.

Please remember, these tools possess significant power and should be used with ethical intent and legal permission. Unauthorized hacking is illegal and unethical. If you’re venturing into the field of cybersecurity, it is recommended to utilize these tools within a controlled, legal setting, such as a cybersecurity lab, or for educational purposes under appropriate supervision. Below is a detailed list of top tools for ethical hacking in 2024:

Leading Tools for Ethical Hacking in 2024 – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024


Nmap (Network Mapper)

Nmap (Network Mapper) is an open-source tool for network exploration and security auditing. It was designed to rapidly scan large networks, although it works against single hosts as well. Nmap uses raw IP packets in novel ways to determine what hosts are available on the network, what services (application name and version) those hosts are offering, what operating systems (and OS versions) they are running, what type of packet filters/firewalls are in use, and dozens of other characteristics.

It’s widely used by network administrators and cybersecurity professionals for network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Nmap features several techniques for mapping out networks filled with IP filters, firewalls, routers, and other obstacles. This includes many port scanning mechanisms (both TCP & UDP), Version detection (used to determine the exact software and software version running on a port), and OS detection (used to determine the operating system and sometimes hardware characteristics of network devices).

Nmap’s capabilities make it a valuable tool for vulnerability scanning and network updates. It is highly versatile, supporting a wide range of scanning techniques, from unobtrusive scans that can be used to survey a network without triggering security alerts, to aggressive scans that are more likely to be detected but can reveal more information about the network.

Nmap also comes with a scripting engine called NSE (Nmap Scripting Engine) which allows users to write scripts to automate a wide variety of networking tasks, from detecting vulnerabilities to finding out more about the network and the devices connected to it.


Lynis

Lynis is an open-source security auditing tool for Unix-based systems, including Linux, macOS, BSD, and others. It is primarily used for security auditing, compliance testing, and vulnerability detection. Lynis performs comprehensive tests on the system it’s run on, checking for security issues, software configuration errors, and security best practices. It is designed to run on the host itself, requiring no installation or special permissions, making it highly versatile and easy to use for system administrators, auditors, and cybersecurity professionals.

The tool scans the system to provide insights into the following areas:

– Security vulnerabilities and patches
– File permissions and integrity
– Account and access control
– Security configurations and policies
– Firewall configurations
– Hardening practices
– Software and services vulnerabilities
– System and application configurations
– Network configurations
– Kernel and hardware vulnerabilities

Lynis gives recommendations for improving the system’s security posture, including specific advice tailored to the system it was run on. It is often used as part of regular security maintenance routines and can help in compliance with standards like ISO 27001, PCI DSS, HIPAA, and more by providing evidence of compliance and identifying potential compliance issues.

Lynis is not a replacement for comprehensive vulnerability scanners or security monitoring tools but serves as a valuable component of a multi-layered security strategy, providing insights from the perspective of the system it is run on.


WPScan

WPScan is a free, open-source security scanner specifically designed for analyzing the security of WordPress websites. It is written in Ruby and enables users to identify security vulnerabilities within their WordPress installations.

WPScan achieves this by:

  • Enumeration: It can enumerate WordPress users, plugins, and themes, and detect misconfigurations or security weaknesses.
  • Vulnerability Scanning: WPScan uses its own database (maintained by the WPScan team and community contributors) of known vulnerabilities to check if a site’s WordPress core, plugins, or themes have any known security issues.
  • Weak Passwords Testing: It has the capability to perform password brute force attacks to test the strength of user passwords.
  • API Access: WPScan offers an API that provides access to its vulnerability database, allowing developers and security professionals to integrate WPScan’s database into their own tools or scripts.

WPScan is a valuable tool for website administrators, security professionals, and IT auditors involved with WordPress sites. It helps in proactive security assessments, ensuring that WordPress installations are up-to-date and secured against known vulnerabilities. Being a command-line tool, it is also suitable for automation and can be incorporated into regular security scanning routines or CI/CD pipelines for continuous security assessment.


Hydra

Hydra, also known as THC-Hydra, is a very fast and effective network login cracker which supports numerous protocols to attack. It is a tool that makes it possible to apply brute-force or dictionary attacks to try and discover user passwords. Developed by “The Hacker’s Choice” (THC), it is a testament to the effectiveness and potency of brute-force attacks, even against modern protocols and services.

Hydra is widely used by security researchers and penetration testers for the following features:

  • Multiple Protocols Support: Hydra can attack and test vulnerabilities in a wide range of network protocols, including but not limited to HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, SSH, Telnet, SMTP, SNMP, POP3, IMAP, and many others.
  • Parallelized Attacks: It is capable of performing rapid dictionary or brute-force attacks against more than 50 protocols, including telnet, ftp, http, https, smb, several databases, and much more.
  • Flexible Attack Options: Users can specify different attack patterns, including password lists, username lists, and the ability to adjust various parameters tailored to a specific protocol to make the attack more efficient.
  • Modular Design: Hydra is designed in a way that researchers and developers can easily add new attack modules and functionalities.
  • Wide Usage: It is used not only for illegal hacking but also as a legitimate tool by system administrators, security professionals, and penetration testers to assess the security of their networks by testing password policies and defense mechanisms.

Hydra emphasizes the importance of using strong, complex passwords and the need for implementing account lockout policies and other security measures to protect against brute-force attacks. It’s a powerful demonstration of why services should be protected with additional security measures such as two-factor authentication (2FA) to enhance security.


Wireshark

Wireshark is a widely-used network protocol analyzer that allows users to observe the real-time data traffic on a network, providing the capability to monitor the minutiae of network communications. It supports the inspection of hundreds of protocols and can work on multiple platforms, including Windows, macOS, and various Linux distributions.

Wireshark enables its users to see what’s happening on their network at a microscopic level, making it an invaluable tool for network administrators, security professionals, and anyone looking to troubleshoot network issues or analyze network performance. It’s used for network troubleshooting, analysis, software and protocol development, and education.

Key Features of Wireshark

  • Deep Inspection of Hundreds of Protocols: Wireshark has the capability to analyze the details of many protocols, from the more common ones like HTTP, TCP, and UDP to more niche or less commonly used protocols.
  • Live Capture and Offline Analysis: It allows for the capture of network traffic in real time and also the ability to save those captures for in-depth analysis later.
  • Rich VoIP Analysis: Wireshark can analyze Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) traffic, helping in the diagnosis of call issues.
  • Graphical and Command Line Interfaces: It provides a rich graphical user interface for ease of use in analysis, as well as a command-line interface for advanced operations.
  • Powerful Filtering: The tool offers advanced filtering options that make it easier to isolate specific packets or types of traffic for analysis.
  • Export Functions: Captured network data can be exported into various formats for reporting or further analysis.

Wireshark’s ability to dissect and display the data packets of network traffic makes it an essential tool for understanding how network applications and services operate. It helps in detecting network problems, identifying intrusion attempts, and performing network audits. Despite its powerful features, Wireshark’s functionality strictly adheres to ethical and legal guidelines; unauthorized capture of network traffic can be illegal or unethical and should be conducted with proper authorization and understanding of applicable laws and policies.


Metasploit Framework

The Metasploit Framework is an open-source penetration testing and exploitation tool used for security assessment and development of security exploits. It provides a comprehensive platform for discovering, exploiting, and managing vulnerabilities in networks, systems, and applications.

Here are some key features and components of the Metasploit Framework:

  1. Exploit Modules: Metasploit contains a vast collection of exploit modules for various vulnerabilities in different operating systems, applications, and services. These modules automate the process of exploiting known security weaknesses.
  2. Payloads: Payloads are pieces of code that are executed after a successful exploitation. Metasploit provides a variety of payloads, including shellcode, reverse shells, and Meterpreter, a powerful, extensible payload that provides a command shell and interactive post-exploitation capabilities.
  3. Auxiliary Modules: These modules perform various tasks such as scanning, reconnaissance, and information gathering. They are not directly used for exploitation but are essential for the overall penetration testing process.
  4. Post-Exploitation Modules: After successfully compromising a system, post-exploitation modules allow the tester to perform further actions on the target system, such as gathering additional information, escalating privileges, or pivoting to other systems on the network.
  5. Integration with Other Tools: Metasploit can integrate with other security tools and frameworks, such as Nmap, Nessus, and OpenVAS, to enhance the effectiveness of vulnerability assessment and exploitation.
  6. Community Contributions: The Metasploit Framework is highly extensible, and its user community regularly contributes new exploit modules, payloads, and other enhancements to the project.
  7. Web Interface and Command-Line Interface: Metasploit provides both a web-based interface and a command-line interface (CLI) for interacting with the framework. The web interface offers a user-friendly graphical interface, while the CLI provides more advanced functionality and scripting capabilities.
  8. Commercial Offerings: In addition to the open-source Metasploit Framework, Rapid7, the company behind Metasploit, offers commercial editions with additional features and support, such as Metasploit Pro and Metasploit Express.

Overall, the Metasploit Framework is a powerful and widely-used tool in the field of penetration testing and cybersecurity, providing security professionals with the means to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities in their systems and networks.


Skipfish

Skipfish is an open-source web application security scanner developed by Google, designed to assess the security of web applications by performing a comprehensive scan for vulnerabilities and potential security issues. It is a tool commonly used by security professionals, penetration testers, and web developers to identify and address security weaknesses in web applications.

Here are some key features and characteristics of Skipfish:

  1. Active Security Testing: Skipfish conducts active security testing by automatically crawling and analyzing web applications, identifying common security vulnerabilities and weaknesses. It does this by sending various HTTP requests and analyzing the responses for signs of vulnerabilities.
  2. Fast and Scalable: Skipfish is known for its speed and scalability, making it capable of scanning large and complex web applications efficiently. It utilizes a multi-threaded architecture and asynchronous processing to maximize performance.
  3. Comprehensive Vulnerability Checks: The tool performs a wide range of vulnerability checks, including but not limited to SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), directory traversal, file inclusion, and more. It also checks for misconfigurations and other security issues.
  4. Customizable Scan Parameters: Users can customize the scan parameters and configure various options to tailor the scanning process to their specific needs and requirements. This includes setting the scope of the scan, defining exclusions, adjusting request rate limits, and more.
  5. Detailed Reports: Skipfish generates detailed reports summarizing the findings of the scan, including identified vulnerabilities, severity levels, and recommendations for remediation. These reports help users understand the security posture of their web applications and prioritize remediation efforts.
  6. Integration with Other Tools: Skipfish can be integrated with other security tools and frameworks, such as Burp Suite, OWASP ZAP, and Metasploit, to enhance the effectiveness of web application security testing and assessment.
  7. Cross-Platform Support: Skipfish is cross-platform and can run on various operating systems, including Linux, macOS, and Windows, making it accessible to a wide range of users.

Overall, Skipfish is a valuable tool for assessing the security of web applications and identifying potential vulnerabilities that could be exploited by attackers. However, like any security tool, it should be used responsibly and in conjunction with other security measures to ensure the safety and integrity of web applications.


Maltego

Maltego is a powerful open-source intelligence (OSINT) and data visualization tool used for gathering and analyzing information about individuals, organizations, and networks. It provides a graphical interface for exploring relationships and connections between various data points, helping users uncover patterns, trends, and potential threats.

Key Features and Functionalities of Maltego

  • Data Integration: Maltego integrates with various data sources and APIs to gather information from public sources, social media platforms, domain registries, online databases, and more.
  • Graphical Link Analysis: Maltego represents data as nodes and relationships as edges in a graph, allowing users to visually explore connections between different entities.
  • Entity Types: Maltego supports multiple entity types, including Person, Email Address, Website, Phone Number, Organization, and more.
  • Transforms: Transforms are predefined actions or queries that retrieve data from external sources and perform analysis on the collected information.
  • Customization: Users can create custom transforms and entity types to extend Maltego’s functionality and integrate with additional data sources.
  • Collaboration: Maltego supports collaboration features that allow multiple users to work together on the same graph, share findings, and collaborate on investigations.
  • Export and Reporting: Maltego provides options for exporting graphs and generating reports in various formats, including PDF, CSV, and XML.

Maltego is widely used by cybersecurity professionals, law enforcement agencies, intelligence analysts, and digital forensics investigators for a wide range of applications, including threat intelligence analysis, fraud detection, social engineering, and incident response. Its intuitive interface and powerful capabilities make it a valuable tool for gathering actionable intelligence and uncovering hidden connections in complex datasets.


Nessus

Maltego is a powerful open-source intelligence (OSINT) and data visualization tool used for gathering and analyzing information about individuals, organizations, and networks. It provides a graphical interface for exploring relationships and connections between various data points, helping users uncover patterns, trends, and potential threats.

Key Features and Functionalities of Maltego

  • Data Integration: Maltego integrates with various data sources and APIs to gather information from public sources, social media platforms, domain registries, online databases, and more.
  • Graphical Link Analysis: Maltego represents data as nodes and relationships as edges in a graph, allowing users to visually explore connections between different entities.
  • Entity Types: Maltego supports multiple entity types, including Person, Email Address, Website, Phone Number, Organization, and more.
  • Transforms: Transforms are predefined actions or queries that retrieve data from external sources and perform analysis on the collected information.
  • Customization: Users can create custom transforms and entity types to extend Maltego’s functionality and integrate with additional data sources.
  • Collaboration: Maltego supports collaboration features that allow multiple users to work together on the same graph, share findings, and collaborate on investigations.
  • Export and Reporting: Maltego provides options for exporting graphs and generating reports in various formats, including PDF, CSV, and XML.

Maltego is widely used by cybersecurity professionals, law enforcement agencies, intelligence analysts, and digital forensics investigators for a wide range of applications, including threat intelligence analysis, fraud detection, social engineering, and incident response. Its intuitive interface and powerful capabilities make it a valuable tool for gathering actionable intelligence and uncovering hidden connections in complex datasets.


BeEF (Browser Exploitation Framework)

BeEF, short for Browser Exploitation Framework, is an open-source security tool designed to assess the security of web browsers by exploiting vulnerabilities and weaknesses in client-side technologies. It is primarily used for penetration testing, security assessments, and demonstrating web browser vulnerabilities.

Here are some key features and functionalities of BeEF:

  1. Client-Side Exploitation: BeEF focuses on exploiting vulnerabilities and weaknesses in client-side technologies, such as web browsers, plugins, and extensions. It leverages various techniques, including cross-site scripting (XSS), HTML injection, and social engineering, to gain control over the victim’s browser.
  2. Modular Architecture: BeEF has a modular architecture that allows security researchers and penetration testers to extend its functionality by adding custom modules and plugins. These modules can perform a wide range of tasks, including reconnaissance, exploitation, privilege escalation, and post-exploitation activities.
  3. Browser Command and Control: Once a victim’s browser is compromised, BeEF provides command and control capabilities that allow the attacker to interact with the browser remotely. Attackers can execute arbitrary JavaScript code, manipulate web pages, steal sensitive information, and launch further attacks from within the compromised browser.
  4. Real-Time Interaction: BeEF provides real-time interaction with compromised browsers through a web-based user interface. Attackers can monitor active sessions, view detailed information about compromised browsers, and execute commands on the fly.
  5. Integration with Metasploit: BeEF integrates with the Metasploit Framework, a popular penetration testing tool, allowing attackers to launch browser-based exploits directly from BeEF and seamlessly transition to other stages of the attack lifecycle.
  6. Client-Side Attacks: BeEF supports various client-side attacks, including phishing attacks, clickjacking, keylogging, and session hijacking. It helps security professionals demonstrate the risks associated with client-side vulnerabilities and educate users about safe browsing practices.
  7. Customizable Templates: BeEF provides customizable templates and themes that allow users to create realistic attack scenarios and phishing campaigns. These templates mimic legitimate websites and encourage users to interact with malicious content, thereby increasing the success rate of attacks.
  8. Community Support and Development: BeEF is actively maintained by a community of security researchers, developers, and enthusiasts. It has a dedicated user base that contributes to its development, documentation, and dissemination of knowledge.

Overall, BeEF is a powerful and versatile security tool that helps security professionals assess the security of web browsers and educate users about the risks associated with client-side vulnerabilities. While BeEF can be used for legitimate security testing and research purposes, it is important to use it responsibly and ethically, following legal and ethical guidelines. Unauthorized use of BeEF for malicious purposes can result in legal consequences and harm to individuals and organizations.


Apktool

APKTool is a popular open-source tool used for reverse engineering Android applications. It allows users to decompile, modify, and recompile Android application packages (APK files). This tool is primarily used by developers, security researchers, and enthusiasts to understand how Android applications work, analyze their code, and make modifications for various purposes.

Here are some key features and functionalities of APKTool:

  1. Decompilation: APKTool can decompile APK files into their constituent parts, including the AndroidManifest.xml file, resources (such as images, layouts, strings), and compiled Java code (smali code). This process allows users to analyze and understand the structure and contents of Android applications.
  2. Modifications: Users can make modifications to the decompiled resources and smali code using text editors or other tools. This includes changing app icons, modifying layouts, altering strings, adding or removing features, and more.
  3. Recompilation: After making modifications, APKTool can recompile the modified resources and smali code back into a new APK file. This new APK file can then be installed and tested on Android devices.
  4. Framework Support: APKTool supports framework files, which are used to provide resources and code for the Android framework (such as system UI elements). This allows APKTool to accurately decompile and recompile applications that rely on custom or modified framework files.
  5. Command-Line Interface: APKTool is primarily operated through a command-line interface (CLI), making it suitable for automation and integration into build scripts or other tools. Users can specify various options and parameters to customize the decompilation and recompilation process.
  6. Compatibility: APKTool is compatible with APK files generated by most Android applications, regardless of how they were built (e.g., using Android Studio, Eclipse, or other development environments). This makes it a versatile tool for analyzing and modifying a wide range of Android applications.
  7. Community Support: APKTool is actively maintained by a community of developers and enthusiasts. It is an open-source project hosted on GitHub, where users can report issues, contribute code, and collaborate with others.

Overall, APKTool is a valuable tool for reverse engineering and analyzing Android applications. It provides developers and researchers with the ability to understand how applications are built, identify security vulnerabilities, and make modifications for various purposes, such as customizing apps, patching vulnerabilities, or performing security assessments. However, it’s important to note that while APKTool can be used for legitimate purposes, it should always be used ethically and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.


John the Ripper

John the Ripper is a widely-used open-source password cracking tool that is primarily used for testing and assessing the strength of passwords in a system. It is designed to identify weak passwords by attempting to crack password hashes using various techniques, such as brute-force attacks, dictionary attacks, and hybrid attacks.

Here are some key features and functionalities of John the Ripper:

  1. Password Cracking: John the Ripper can crack password hashes obtained from various sources, such as password files, database dumps, and network traffic captures. It supports a wide range of hash types, including traditional Unix crypt, MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, and many others.
  2. Brute-Force Attacks: John the Ripper can perform brute-force attacks by systematically trying all possible combinations of characters to guess the password. Users can specify the character set, password length, and other parameters to customize the brute-force attack.
  3. Dictionary Attacks: John the Ripper supports dictionary attacks, where it compares password hashes against a list of commonly used passwords, words from dictionaries, and other wordlists. Users can use pre-built wordlists or create custom wordlists based on specific criteria.
  4. Hybrid Attacks: John the Ripper can combine brute-force and dictionary attacks in hybrid attacks, leveraging the efficiency of dictionary-based techniques while also covering a wider range of possible passwords with brute-force techniques.
  5. Rule-based Attacks: John the Ripper supports rule-based attacks, where users can define custom transformation rules to apply to words in a dictionary. These rules can modify word capitalization, append or prepend characters, substitute letters with similar characters, and more.
  6. Performance Optimization: John the Ripper is highly optimized for performance, with support for multi-threading, parallel processing, and GPU acceleration. This allows it to efficiently crack passwords on modern hardware and leverage the computational power of multiple CPU cores or GPUs.
  7. Customization and Extensibility: John the Ripper is highly customizable and extensible, with support for plugins, custom hash types, and integration with other tools and frameworks. Users can tailor the tool to their specific needs and requirements, and extend its functionality through plugins and third-party modules.
  8. Community Support: John the Ripper is actively maintained by a community of developers and security enthusiasts. It is an open-source project hosted on GitHub, where users can contribute code, report issues, and collaborate with others.

Overall, John the Ripper is a powerful and versatile password cracking tool used by security professionals, penetration testers, and system administrators to assess the security of passwords and identify weak credentials. However, it’s important to note that while John the Ripper can be used for legitimate purposes, it should always be used ethically and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Unauthorized use of John the Ripper to crack passwords without proper authorization is illegal and unethical.


Snort

Snort is an open-source network intrusion detection system (NIDS) and intrusion prevention system (IPS) developed by Sourcefire, now owned by Cisco. It is widely used for real-time traffic analysis and packet logging on IP networks. Snort is capable of performing traffic analysis, packet sniffing, and real-time traffic monitoring to detect and prevent security threats and attacks.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Snort:

  1. Packet Inspection: Snort analyzes network traffic by inspecting packets passing through a network interface in real-time. It examines packet headers, payloads, and other attributes to detect suspicious or malicious activity.
  2. Signature-Based Detection: Snort uses a signature-based detection engine to identify known threats and attacks by comparing network traffic against a database of pre-defined signatures or rules. These rules describe patterns, behaviors, and characteristics of known attacks, such as malware, exploits, and network intrusions.
  3. Protocol Analysis: Snort can analyze various network protocols, including TCP, UDP, ICMP, HTTP, SMTP, FTP, and others. It monitors protocol activity and flags anomalies, deviations from protocol specifications, and suspicious behaviors.
  4. Flexible Rule Configuration: Snort allows users to create custom rules or modify existing rules to tailor the detection capabilities to their specific needs and requirements. Users can define rules based on IP addresses, port numbers, packet content, protocol headers, and other attributes.
  5. Alerting and Logging: Snort generates alerts and logs when it detects suspicious or malicious activity based on configured rules. Alerts can be sent to administrators via email, syslog, or other notification mechanisms, allowing for timely response and remediation of security incidents.
  6. Integration with Other Security Tools: Snort can be integrated with other security tools and frameworks, such as intrusion prevention systems (IPS), security information and event management (SIEM) systems, and network management platforms. This integration allows for centralized monitoring, analysis, and management of security events and incidents.
  7. Open-Source Community: Snort is an open-source project with a large and active community of developers, security researchers, and users. It is continuously updated and improved with new features, bug fixes, and security enhancements through community contributions.
  8. Performance Optimization: Snort is highly optimized for performance, with support for multi-threading, hardware acceleration, and distributed deployments. This allows it to efficiently handle high volumes of network traffic and scale to meet the needs of large networks and environments.

Overall, Snort is a powerful and versatile network intrusion detection and prevention system used by organizations of all sizes to enhance their network security posture, detect and prevent security threats, and mitigate security risks. It helps organizations proactively monitor and protect their networks from a wide range of cyber threats, including malware, exploits, and unauthorized access attempts.


Autopsy Forensic Browser

Autopsy Forensic Browser is a digital forensics platform used for analyzing and investigating digital media in a forensic investigation. It is an open-source tool that provides a graphical interface for examining disk images, file systems, and other digital artifacts to gather evidence and extract valuable information.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Autopsy Forensic Browser:

  1. Disk Imaging and Analysis: Autopsy supports the acquisition and analysis of disk images, including forensic images (e.g., E01, AFF) and live disk captures. It allows investigators to examine the contents of disk images, including file systems, partitions, and individual files.
  2. File System Analysis: Autopsy can analyze various file systems, including NTFS, FAT, ext2/3/4, HFS+, and others. It provides tools for navigating file systems, viewing file attributes, identifying deleted files, and recovering file content.
  3. Keyword Search: Autopsy includes a powerful keyword search functionality that allows investigators to search for specific keywords, phrases, or regular expressions within disk images and file contents. This helps in locating relevant evidence and identifying suspicious activities.
  4. Timeline Analysis: Autopsy can generate timelines of file system activity, showing when files were created, modified, accessed, or deleted. Timeline analysis helps investigators establish a chronological sequence of events and identify potential indicators of compromise.
  5. File Carving: Autopsy supports file carving, a technique used to extract files from disk images or unallocated disk space without relying on file system metadata. This allows investigators to recover deleted files, fragmented files, and other artifacts that may not be accessible through traditional file system analysis.
  6. Artifact Analysis: Autopsy analyzes various digital artifacts, including internet history, email messages, chat logs, registry entries, and system logs. It provides tools for parsing and interpreting these artifacts to uncover relevant information and establish evidence.
  7. Reporting and Documentation: Autopsy generates detailed reports and documentation of forensic findings, including file system analysis results, keyword search hits, timeline analysis, and other relevant information. Reports can be customized, exported, and presented as evidence in legal proceedings.
  8. Integration with Other Tools: Autopsy integrates with other digital forensics tools and frameworks, such as The Sleuth Kit (TSK), Volatility, and hash databases. This integration allows investigators to leverage additional analysis capabilities and enhance their forensic workflow.

Overall, Autopsy Forensic Browser is a comprehensive digital forensics platform used by forensic examiners, law enforcement agencies, incident responders, and cybersecurity professionals to conduct forensic investigations, gather evidence, and analyze digital media in support of legal proceedings and criminal investigations. Its user-friendly interface, powerful analysis tools, and open-source nature make it a valuable asset in the field of digital forensics.


King Phisher

King Phisher is an open-source phishing campaign toolkit used for simulating real-world phishing attacks in a controlled environment. It is primarily used by security professionals, penetration testers, and organizations to assess and improve their security awareness, test their defenses against phishing attacks, and educate users about the risks of social engineering.

Here are some key features and functionalities of King Phisher:

  1. Phishing Campaign Creation: King Phisher allows users to create and customize phishing campaigns tailored to their specific needs and objectives. Users can design phishing emails, clone websites, and create landing pages to mimic legitimate services or organizations.
  2. Email Template Editor: King Phisher includes an email template editor that enables users to create and customize phishing email templates. Users can customize email content, subject lines, sender addresses, and attachments to make phishing emails appear more convincing and authentic.
  3. Website Cloning: King Phisher supports website cloning, allowing users to replicate the look and feel of legitimate websites to trick victims into providing sensitive information. Users can clone login pages, forms, and other web content to create realistic phishing landing pages.
  4. Credential Harvesting: King Phisher includes built-in support for credential harvesting, allowing users to capture usernames, passwords, and other sensitive information submitted by victims on phishing landing pages. Harvested credentials are stored securely and can be accessed by the user for analysis and reporting.
  5. Tracking and Reporting: King Phisher tracks and records various metrics related to phishing campaigns, including email delivery status, open rates, click-through rates, and credential submissions. Users can generate detailed reports and analytics to assess the effectiveness of their phishing campaigns and identify areas for improvement.
  6. Social Engineering Toolkit (SET) Integration: King Phisher integrates with the Social Engineering Toolkit (SET), another popular open-source tool used for social engineering attacks. This integration allows users to leverage additional attack vectors and techniques, such as malicious file attachments and USB drops, in their phishing campaigns.
  7. Multi-User Support: King Phisher supports multi-user collaboration, allowing multiple users to collaborate on phishing campaigns and share resources, templates, and results. This feature is useful for security teams, red teams, and training exercises conducted by organizations.
  8. Customization and Extensibility: King Phisher is highly customizable and extensible, with support for custom plugins, themes, and extensions. Users can extend the functionality of King Phisher by adding custom modules, integrations, and enhancements to meet their specific requirements.

Overall, King Phisher is a powerful and versatile phishing campaign toolkit used by security professionals and organizations to assess and improve their security posture, educate users about phishing risks, and enhance their defenses against social engineering attacks. However, it’s important to note that while King Phisher can be used for legitimate security testing and training purposes, it should always be used ethically and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Unauthorized use of King Phisher for malicious purposes is illegal and unethical.


Nikto

Nikto is an open-source web server scanner used for discovering potential security vulnerabilities and misconfigurations in web servers and web applications. It is commonly used by security professionals, penetration testers, and system administrators to perform security assessments and identify weaknesses that could be exploited by attackers.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Nikto:

  1. Vulnerability Scanning: Nikto scans web servers and web applications for known vulnerabilities, security weaknesses, and common misconfigurations. It identifies issues such as outdated software versions, insecure configurations, default files and directories, and other potential security risks.
  2. Comprehensive Tests: Nikto performs a wide range of tests and checks, including HTTP methods, server and software versions, SSL/TLS vulnerabilities, CGI vulnerabilities, directory indexing, and file disclosure vulnerabilities. It covers various aspects of web server security to provide comprehensive vulnerability assessment.
  3. Database of Checks: Nikto maintains a database of checks and tests for identifying known vulnerabilities and security issues in web servers and applications. The database is regularly updated with new checks and signatures to keep pace with emerging threats and vulnerabilities.
  4. Customizable Scan Options: Nikto allows users to customize scan options and parameters to tailor the scanning process to their specific needs and requirements. Users can specify target hosts, ports, authentication credentials, and other scan parameters to focus on specific areas of interest.
  5. Reporting: Nikto generates detailed reports summarizing scan findings, including identified vulnerabilities, severity levels, affected URLs, and remediation recommendations. Reports can be customized, exported, and shared with stakeholders for further analysis and action.
  6. Integration with Other Tools: Nikto can be integrated with other security tools and frameworks, such as vulnerability scanners, penetration testing platforms, and security information and event management (SIEM) systems. This integration allows for centralized monitoring, analysis, and management of security vulnerabilities and incidents.
  7. Command-Line Interface (CLI): Nikto is primarily operated through a command-line interface (CLI), making it suitable for automation and integration into scripts or other tools. Users can specify various options and parameters to customize the scanning process and automate repetitive tasks.
  8. Community Support: Nikto is actively maintained by a community of developers, security researchers, and enthusiasts. It is an open-source project hosted on GitHub, where users can contribute code, report issues, and collaborate with others to improve the tool.

Overall, Nikto is a valuable web server scanner used by security professionals and organizations to assess and improve the security of web servers and applications. It helps identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses that could be exploited by attackers, enabling organizations to proactively address security risks and protect their assets from cyber threats.


Yersinia

Yersinia is an open-source network tool primarily used for performing Layer 2 (Data Link Layer) network attacks. It is named after the Yersinia genus of bacteria, known for causing diseases such as the bubonic plague. Yersinia is designed to exploit vulnerabilities and weaknesses in network protocols and devices to test the security of network infrastructures.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Yersinia:

  1. Layer 2 Protocol Attacks: Yersinia focuses on exploiting vulnerabilities in Layer 2 network protocols, such as Address Resolution Protocol (ARP), Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP), Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), and VLAN hopping attacks. It can forge and send malicious packets to manipulate network behavior and compromise network devices.
  2. ARP Spoofing and Poisoning: Yersinia can perform ARP spoofing and poisoning attacks to intercept and manipulate network traffic between hosts on the same subnet. By spoofing ARP packets, it can redirect traffic to a rogue device and intercept sensitive information, such as login credentials or session cookies.
  3. VLAN Hopping Attacks: Yersinia can exploit VLAN (Virtual Local Area Network) configurations to perform VLAN hopping attacks, also known as double tagging attacks or switch spoofing attacks. It can send specially crafted packets to bypass VLAN segregation and gain unauthorized access to network segments.
  4. Cisco Switch Exploitation: Yersinia includes modules for exploiting vulnerabilities in Cisco switches and routers, such as CDP (Cisco Discovery Protocol) manipulation, STP (Spanning Tree Protocol) manipulation, VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol) exploitation, and other Cisco-specific attacks. These attacks target weaknesses in Cisco network infrastructure to gain unauthorized access or disrupt network operations.
  5. Sniffing and Traffic Analysis: Yersinia can capture and analyze network traffic to identify potential security vulnerabilities, misconfigurations, and weaknesses in network devices and protocols. It includes built-in packet sniffing capabilities for monitoring network activity and detecting suspicious behavior.
  6. Command-Line Interface (CLI): Yersinia is primarily operated through a command-line interface (CLI), making it suitable for penetration testing, security assessments, and network troubleshooting. Users can specify various options and parameters to customize the attack vectors and target specific network devices or protocols.
  7. Community Support: Yersinia is actively maintained by a community of developers, security researchers, and enthusiasts. It is an open-source project hosted on GitHub and other platforms, where users can contribute code, report issues, and collaborate with others to improve the tool.

Overall, Yersinia is a powerful and versatile network tool used by security professionals, penetration testers, and network administrators to assess and improve the security of Layer 2 network infrastructures. It helps identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in network protocols and devices, enabling organizations to proactively address security risks and protect their networks from cyber threats. However, it’s important to note that while Yersinia can be used for legitimate security testing and research purposes, it should always be used ethically and in compliance with applicable laws and regulations. Unauthorized use of Yersinia for malicious purposes is illegal and unethical.


Social Engineering Toolkit (SET)

The Social Engineering Toolkit (SET) is an open-source framework used for creating and executing social engineering attacks. Developed by TrustedSec, SET automates various aspects of social engineering attacks, making it easier for security professionals, penetration testers, and malicious actors to craft and deploy attacks aimed at manipulating individuals into divulging sensitive information or performing actions that compromise security.

Here are some key features and functionalities of the Social Engineering Toolkit:

  1. Wide Range of Attack Vectors: SET supports a variety of social engineering attack vectors, including phishing attacks, spear phishing, credential harvesting, website cloning, malicious file delivery, USB drive attacks, and more. It provides tools and modules for crafting tailored attacks to target specific individuals, organizations, or systems.
  2. Phishing Email Campaigns: SET allows users to create and launch phishing email campaigns to trick recipients into clicking on malicious links, downloading malicious attachments, or providing sensitive information such as login credentials or personal data. Users can customize email templates, sender addresses, and payload delivery methods to maximize effectiveness.
  3. Credential Harvesting: SET includes modules for harvesting credentials from various sources, including email login pages, social media platforms, and other web services. It can clone legitimate login pages and capture credentials entered by unsuspecting users, allowing attackers to gain unauthorized access to accounts.
  4. Website Cloning: SET enables users to clone websites and create phishing landing pages that mimic legitimate sites to trick users into providing sensitive information. It automates the process of cloning web pages and setting up phishing sites, making it easier to deploy convincing social engineering attacks.
  5. Payload Generation: SET can generate malicious payloads, such as backdoors, trojans, and keyloggers, for delivering malware to target systems. It supports various payload formats and delivery methods, including executable files, JavaScript payloads, and Office documents embedded with macros.
  6. Customization and Configuration: SET allows users to customize and configure attack parameters, including target selection, attack vectors, payload options, and post-exploitation actions. Users can tailor attacks to specific scenarios and objectives, maximizing the likelihood of success.
  7. Reporting and Analysis: SET generates detailed reports and logs of social engineering attacks, including information about campaign performance, successful compromises, and harvested data. Reports can be used for analysis, documentation, and presenting findings to stakeholders.
  8. Community Support: SET is actively maintained by a community of developers, security researchers, and enthusiasts. It is an open-source project hosted on GitHub, where users can contribute code, report issues, and collaborate with others to improve the tool.

Overall, the Social Engineering Toolkit is a powerful and versatile framework used for conducting social engineering attacks and assessing the security awareness of individuals and organizations. While it can be used for legitimate security testing and research purposes, it is important to use SET responsibly and ethically, following legal and ethical guidelines. Unauthorized use of SET for malicious purposes is illegal and unethical.


Netsparker

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Netsparker is a web application security scanner developed by Netsparker Ltd. It is designed to automatically identify security vulnerabilities and weaknesses in web applications, websites, and web services. Netsparker is widely used by security professionals, penetration testers, and developers to assess the security posture of web applications and address potential security risks.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Netsparker:

  1. Automatic Crawling and Scanning: Netsparker automatically crawls and scans web applications to identify vulnerabilities and security issues. It analyzes the entire web application, including web pages, forms, inputs, parameters, and server-side components, to detect potential vulnerabilities.
  2. Comprehensive Vulnerability Detection: Netsparker detects a wide range of security vulnerabilities, including SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), remote file inclusion (RFI), local file inclusion (LFI), directory traversal, insecure server configurations, and more. It covers common security vulnerabilities listed in OWASP Top 10 and other industry standards.
  3. Accurate Vulnerability Detection: Netsparker uses advanced scanning techniques and algorithms to accurately identify security vulnerabilities without generating false positives or false negatives. It employs techniques such as static analysis, dynamic analysis, and heuristic analysis to confirm the presence of vulnerabilities.
  4. Customizable Scanning Policies: Netsparker allows users to customize scanning policies and configurations to tailor the scanning process to their specific needs and requirements. Users can define scan scopes, exclude specific URLs or parameters, adjust scanning intensity, and configure authentication credentials for restricted areas.
  5. Intelligent Exploitation: Netsparker includes built-in exploitation modules for verifying and exploiting identified vulnerabilities. It can automatically exploit vulnerabilities to demonstrate their impact and severity, allowing users to validate findings and prioritize remediation efforts.
  6. Detailed Reporting and Analysis: Netsparker generates detailed reports summarizing scan findings, including identified vulnerabilities, severity levels, affected URLs, technical details, and remediation recommendations. Reports can be customized, exported, and shared with stakeholders for further analysis and action.
  7. Integration with Development Workflows: Netsparker integrates with popular development and collaboration tools, such as issue trackers, bug tracking systems, version control systems, and project management platforms. This integration allows for seamless communication and collaboration between security teams and development teams.
  8. Scalability and Performance: Netsparker is designed for scalability and performance, with support for scanning large and complex web applications and environments. It can efficiently handle high volumes of web traffic, scan multiple web applications simultaneously, and scale to meet the needs of enterprise-level deployments.

Overall, Netsparker is a powerful and comprehensive web application security scanner used by organizations of all sizes to assess and improve the security of their web applications. It helps identify security vulnerabilities, mitigate security risks, and ensure the integrity and confidentiality of sensitive information.


Acunetix

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Acunetix is a web vulnerability scanner developed by Acunetix Ltd. It is designed to help security professionals, penetration testers, and developers identify and remediate security vulnerabilities in web applications and websites. Acunetix scans web applications for a wide range of vulnerabilities and provides detailed reports and remediation recommendations to help organizations improve their security posture.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Acunetix:

  1. Comprehensive Vulnerability Scanning: Acunetix performs comprehensive scans of web applications to identify security vulnerabilities, including SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), remote file inclusion (RFI), local file inclusion (LFI), directory traversal, security misconfigurations, and more. It covers common vulnerabilities listed in OWASP Top 10 and other industry standards.
  2. Automatic Crawling and Testing: Acunetix automatically crawls and tests web applications to discover and assess all accessible web pages, forms, inputs, parameters, and server-side components. It analyzes the structure and behavior of web applications to identify potential attack vectors and security vulnerabilities.
  3. Advanced Detection Techniques: Acunetix uses advanced scanning techniques and algorithms to detect security vulnerabilities accurately and efficiently. It employs techniques such as static analysis, dynamic analysis, black-box testing, and heuristic analysis to identify vulnerabilities without generating false positives or false negatives.
  4. Customizable Scanning Policies: Acunetix allows users to customize scanning policies and configurations to tailor the scanning process to their specific needs and requirements. Users can define scan scopes, exclude specific URLs or parameters, adjust scanning intensity, and configure authentication credentials for restricted areas.
  5. Intelligent Vulnerability Verification: Acunetix includes built-in vulnerability verification mechanisms for verifying the presence and severity of identified vulnerabilities. It can automatically exploit vulnerabilities to demonstrate their impact and provide proof of concept, allowing users to validate findings and prioritize remediation efforts.
  6. Detailed Reporting and Analysis: Acunetix generates detailed reports summarizing scan findings, including identified vulnerabilities, severity levels, affected URLs, technical details, and remediation recommendations. Reports can be customized, exported, and shared with stakeholders for further analysis and action.
  7. Integration with Development Workflows: Acunetix integrates with popular development and collaboration tools, such as issue trackers, bug tracking systems, version control systems, and project management platforms. This integration allows for seamless communication and collaboration between security teams and development teams.
  8. Scalability and Performance: Acunetix is designed for scalability and performance, with support for scanning large and complex web applications and environments. It can efficiently handle high volumes of web traffic, scan multiple web applications simultaneously, and scale to meet the needs of enterprise-level deployments.

Overall, Acunetix is a powerful and comprehensive web vulnerability scanner used by organizations of all sizes to assess and improve the security of their web applications. It helps identify security vulnerabilities, mitigate security risks, and ensure the integrity and confidentiality of sensitive information.


IPVanish

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

IPVanish is a commercial virtual private network (VPN) service provider. It offers secure and encrypted connections to the internet, allowing users to protect their online privacy and anonymity, bypass geo-restrictions, and enhance their security while browsing the web. IPVanish provides VPN services for individuals, businesses, and organizations, with a focus on speed, security, and reliability.

Here are some key features and functionalities of IPVanish:

  1. Secure and Encrypted Connections: IPVanish encrypts internet traffic using industry-standard encryption protocols, such as OpenVPN, IKEv2/IPsec, and L2TP/IPsec. This ensures that users’ data remains private and secure while traversing the internet, protecting against eavesdropping and interception by malicious actors.
  2. Anonymity and Privacy Protection: IPVanish helps users protect their online privacy and anonymity by masking their IP address and hiding their real location. This prevents websites, online services, and third parties from tracking users’ online activities and collecting personal information.
  3. Bypass Geo-Restrictions: IPVanish allows users to bypass geo-restrictions and access region-locked content, such as streaming services, websites, and online gaming platforms, from anywhere in the world. By connecting to VPN servers located in different countries, users can circumvent censorship and access content that is otherwise unavailable in their region.
  4. Anonymous Torrenting and P2P File Sharing: IPVanish supports anonymous torrenting and peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing activities by providing dedicated servers optimized for high-speed and secure file transfers. This allows users to download and share files privately and securely without exposing their IP address or location.
  5. Multiple Device Support: IPVanish supports multiple devices and platforms, including Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS, routers, smart TVs, and gaming consoles. Users can connect multiple devices simultaneously to the VPN service and protect their entire digital footprint with a single subscription.
  6. No-Logs Policy: IPVanish operates under a strict no-logs policy, meaning it does not collect or store any logs of users’ online activities, connections, or usage data. This ensures that users’ privacy and anonymity are preserved, with no risk of their data being compromised or disclosed to third parties.
  7. Kill Switch and Leak Protection: IPVanish includes built-in features such as a kill switch and DNS leak protection to ensure users’ online security and privacy even in the event of VPN disconnection. The kill switch automatically terminates internet connections if the VPN connection drops, preventing data leaks and exposure.
  8. 24/7 Customer Support: IPVanish offers 24/7 customer support via live chat, email, and phone to assist users with technical issues, troubleshooting, and account inquiries. Its customer support team is knowledgeable and responsive, providing timely assistance to address users’ concerns and questions.

Overall, IPVanish is a reliable and feature-rich VPN service provider that prioritizes users’ privacy, security, and online freedom. It offers a wide range of features and functionalities to help users protect their online activities, bypass censorship, and access content securely from anywhere in the world.


Burp Suite

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Burp Suite is a leading web application security testing tool developed by PortSwigger Web Security. It is widely used by security professionals, penetration testers, and developers to identify and mitigate security vulnerabilities in web applications and APIs. Burp Suite provides a comprehensive set of tools and features for web application security testing, including automated scanning, manual testing, and advanced exploitation techniques.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Burp Suite:

  1. Proxy: Burp Suite includes a proxy server that acts as a man-in-the-middle (MITM) between the user’s browser and the web application being tested. The proxy allows users to intercept and modify HTTP and HTTPS requests and responses, enabling detailed analysis and manipulation of web traffic.
  2. Scanner: Burp Suite features a web vulnerability scanner that automatically identifies security vulnerabilities in web applications, such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), remote code execution, and other common vulnerabilities listed in OWASP Top 10 and other industry standards. The scanner performs both passive and active scanning techniques to identify potential issues.
  3. Spider: Burp Suite includes a web crawler, or spider, that automatically explores and maps out the structure of web applications by recursively following links and discovering new pages and content. The spider helps users identify hidden and obscure parts of the application that may be vulnerable to attack.
  4. Intruder: Burp Suite’s Intruder tool is used for performing automated attacks against web applications, such as brute-force attacks, parameter fuzzing, and payload manipulation. Users can define custom attack payloads, specify attack positions and targets, and analyze responses to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses.
  5. Repeater: Burp Suite’s Repeater tool allows users to manually manipulate and replay individual HTTP requests sent to the web application. This enables users to test for vulnerabilities, observe application behavior, and verify the effectiveness of security controls through iterative testing and experimentation.
  6. Sequencer: Burp Suite’s Sequencer tool analyzes the randomness and unpredictability of tokens, session identifiers, and other cryptographic values generated by the web application. It performs statistical analysis and entropy calculations to assess the strength of randomness and identify potential weaknesses that could be exploited by attackers.
  7. Decoder: Burp Suite includes a Decoder tool for encoding and decoding various data formats and encodings, such as URL encoding, base64 encoding, and hexadecimal encoding. This tool helps users manipulate and analyze data inputs and outputs in web applications to identify security vulnerabilities and injection points.
  8. Extensibility: Burp Suite is highly extensible and customizable, with support for plugins, extensions, and integrations with third-party tools and frameworks. Users can extend Burp Suite’s functionality, automate repetitive tasks, and integrate with other security tools and platforms to streamline their workflow and enhance their capabilities.

Overall, Burp Suite is a powerful and versatile web application security testing tool used by security professionals to assess and improve the security posture of web applications and APIs. Its comprehensive set of features, intuitive user interface, and extensibility make it an essential tool for web application security testing and vulnerability management.


Luminati

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Luminati is a provider of residential proxy and business proxy network services. The company offers a vast network of IP addresses sourced from real users’ devices, including residential and mobile IPs. Luminati’s proxy network is primarily used for web scraping, data mining, ad verification, price comparison, brand protection, and other data collection and analysis tasks.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Luminati’s proxy network:

  1. Residential IP Network: Luminati offers a large pool of residential IP addresses sourced from real users’ devices, including desktops, laptops, and mobile devices. These IPs are distributed across various geographic locations and ISPs, providing users with high anonymity and diversity for their web scraping and data collection needs.
  2. Mobile IP Network: In addition to residential IPs, Luminati provides a mobile proxy network consisting of IP addresses assigned to mobile devices and cellular networks. Mobile IPs offer similar benefits to residential IPs but are sourced from mobile data connections, allowing users to access mobile-specific content and applications.
  3. Anonymity and Privacy: Luminati’s proxy network provides users with high levels of anonymity and privacy, as the IP addresses are associated with real users’ devices rather than data centers or server farms. This makes it difficult for websites and online services to detect and block proxy traffic, enhancing users’ ability to collect data without being detected.
  4. Geographic Targeting: Luminati allows users to specify the geographic location of proxy IPs they wish to use for their web scraping and data collection activities. This enables users to access region-specific content, bypass geo-restrictions, and gather localized data from target markets around the world.
  5. Session Control: Luminati offers session control features that allow users to maintain persistent connections with proxy IPs for extended periods. Users can control session duration, rotation intervals, and IP rotation policies to optimize performance, reliability, and anonymity based on their specific requirements.
  6. Performance and Reliability: Luminati’s proxy network is designed for performance and reliability, with high-speed connections, low latency, and minimal downtime. The company employs advanced networking technologies and infrastructure optimizations to ensure fast and stable proxy connections for users’ data collection tasks.
  7. Compliance and Legal Considerations: Luminati emphasizes compliance with legal and regulatory requirements related to web scraping, data privacy, and internet usage. The company provides tools and features to help users comply with website terms of service, data protection laws, and industry regulations while using its proxy network.
  8. Customer Support and Service: Luminati offers comprehensive customer support and service to assist users with setup, configuration, troubleshooting, and optimization of their proxy usage. The company provides documentation, tutorials, and dedicated support channels to address users’ questions and concerns.

Overall, Luminati’s proxy network is a versatile and reliable solution for web scraping, data collection, and online automation tasks. It offers a range of features and capabilities to meet the needs of businesses, researchers, developers, and data analysts who rely on proxy services for accessing web data efficiently and ethically.


Ettercap

Ettercap

Ettercap is a comprehensive, open-source network security tool used for network analysis, traffic monitoring, and man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks. It is primarily used by security professionals, network administrators, and penetration testers to analyze and manipulate network traffic, detect security vulnerabilities, and assess the security posture of networked systems.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Ettercap:

  1. Packet Sniffing: Ettercap can capture and analyze network traffic in real-time by sniffing packets passing through a network interface. It supports various network protocols, including Ethernet, IP, TCP, UDP, HTTP, SSL/TLS, FTP, SMTP, and others. Packet sniffing allows users to inspect and analyze network communication for security purposes.
  2. MITM Attacks: Ettercap enables man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks, where an attacker intercepts and manipulates communication between two parties without their knowledge. Ettercap can act as a transparent proxy between a client and a server, allowing the attacker to intercept, modify, and redirect traffic to achieve various malicious objectives.
  3. ARP Spoofing: Ettercap can perform ARP spoofing attacks to poison the ARP cache of target devices on a local network. By spoofing ARP replies, Ettercap can redirect traffic intended for other devices to the attacker’s machine, allowing for interception and manipulation of network communication.
  4. Plugin Architecture: Ettercap features a plugin architecture that allows users to extend its functionality and add custom modules for specific tasks. Users can develop and integrate plugins to enhance packet sniffing, traffic analysis, protocol manipulation, and other capabilities of Ettercap.
  5. SSL Stripping: Ettercap includes a feature called “SSL dissection” or “SSL stripping,” which allows attackers to downgrade HTTPS connections to HTTP and intercept sensitive information transmitted over secure channels. This technique exploits weaknesses in SSL/TLS implementations to intercept encrypted traffic.
  6. Host Discovery: Ettercap can perform host discovery on local networks to identify active hosts, IP addresses, and network devices. It can scan network segments, detect live hosts, and collect information about network topology and configuration.
  7. Packet Injection: Ettercap supports packet injection, allowing users to inject custom packets into the network to simulate network attacks, spoof identities, or manipulate network behavior. This feature is useful for testing network defenses, analyzing network responses, and evaluating security controls.
  8. Graphical User Interface (GUI): Ettercap provides a graphical user interface (GUI) for performing network analysis and conducting MITM attacks. The GUI offers intuitive controls, visualizations, and monitoring tools to assist users in configuring and executing network security tasks.

Overall, Ettercap is a powerful and versatile network security tool used for network analysis, traffic interception, and MITM attacks. While it can be used for legitimate security testing and research purposes, it is important to use Ettercap responsibly and ethically, following legal and ethical guidelines. Unauthorized use of Ettercap for malicious purposes is illegal and unethical.


Aircrack-ng

Aircrack-ng

Aircrack-ng is a suite of tools for auditing wireless networks security. It’s primarily used for assessing the security of Wi-Fi networks by testing the strength of their security protocols and encryption methods. Aircrack-ng is popular among security professionals, network administrators, and ethical hackers for identifying vulnerabilities and weaknesses in wireless networks.

Here are the main components and functionalities of Aircrack-ng:

  1. Packet Sniffing: Aircrack-ng allows users to capture wireless network traffic using a compatible wireless network adapter that supports monitor mode. It can capture data packets, management frames, and control frames transmitted over the air by nearby Wi-Fi networks.
  2. Packet Injection: Aircrack-ng can inject custom packets into wireless networks to perform various attacks, such as deauthentication attacks, packet forging, and replay attacks. Packet injection is used to simulate network attacks and test the resilience of wireless networks against different types of threats.
  3. WEP Cracking: Aircrack-ng includes tools for cracking WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) encryption, which is an outdated and insecure security protocol used in older Wi-Fi networks. It can analyze captured packets, recover WEP keys, and decrypt encrypted traffic to gain unauthorized access to the network.
  4. WPA/WPA2 Cracking: Aircrack-ng supports cracking WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) and WPA2 encryption, which are more secure than WEP but still vulnerable to certain attacks. It can perform dictionary-based attacks, brute-force attacks, and offline attacks against captured WPA/WPA2 handshakes to recover pre-shared keys (PSKs) and gain unauthorized access to protected networks.
  5. Dictionary Attacks: Aircrack-ng includes tools for conducting dictionary-based attacks against WPA/WPA2-protected Wi-Fi networks. Users can provide a wordlist or dictionary file containing potential passwords, and Aircrack-ng will attempt to match the captured handshake with entries from the wordlist to find the correct passphrase.
  6. Cracking Speed Optimization: Aircrack-ng implements various optimizations and techniques to improve the speed and efficiency of password cracking, including GPU acceleration, parallel processing, and optimized algorithms. These optimizations allow Aircrack-ng to crack Wi-Fi passwords faster and more effectively, especially on modern hardware with powerful GPUs.
  7. Offline Password Cracking: Aircrack-ng can perform offline password cracking by analyzing captured WPA/WPA2 handshakes and attempting to recover the pre-shared key (PSK) without actively deauthenticating clients or disrupting network traffic. This allows for stealthy and non-intrusive attacks against protected Wi-Fi networks.
  8. Customization and Extensibility: Aircrack-ng is highly customizable and extensible, with support for custom scripts, plugins, and configurations. Users can customize attack parameters, tweak performance settings, and integrate Aircrack-ng with other security tools and frameworks to meet their specific requirements.

Overall, Aircrack-ng is a powerful and versatile tool for auditing and testing the security of wireless networks. While it can be used for legitimate security testing and research purposes, it’s important to use Aircrack-ng responsibly and ethically, following legal and ethical guidelines. Unauthorized use of Aircrack-ng for malicious purposes, such as unauthorized network access or data theft, is illegal and unethical.


Tutorial: Getting Started – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Introduction – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

Frequently, the question arises: “How do I begin?” This guide aims to address this inquiry.

This isn’t a step-by-step guide but rather a pathway to initiate your journey with aircrack-ng, guiding you from your current position to successfully utilizing the suite. As you progress, the wiki offers extensive documentation and tutorials on the tools and various applications.

The focus here is on Linux due to its compatibility with aircrack-ng. Despite the challenges Linux may present to some, Windows falls short in adequately supporting the aircrack-ng suite, mainly due to its closed-source nature and wireless driver support. For Windows users interested in aircrack-ng, refer to the “Tutorial: Aircrack-ng Suite under Windows for Dummies”. However, it’s advised to avoid using aircrack-ng on Windows due to limited support.

The Process Involves Three Steps: – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024

  1. Identifying your wireless card’s chipset
  2. Choosing one of the three methods to run aircrack-ng
  3. Starting with the aircrack-ng suite

Details on identifying the chipset of your wireless card are in the section “Determining the Wireless Card Chipset”.

Decide on your approach to running aircrack-ng, with options including:

  • Your preferred Linux distribution plus aircrack-ng
  • A Live CD containing aircrack-ng
  • A VMWare image with aircrack-ng

Each method’s details, along with their pros and cons, are discussed below.

Once aircrack-ng is up and running, proceed to the “Using Aircrack-ng Suite” section.

Determining the Wireless Card Chipset

The initial step involves identifying the chipset of your wireless card, which is crucial for compatibility with aircrack-ng. Not all chipsets are supported, and functionality can vary.

Refer to “Tutorial: Is My Wireless Card Compatible?” to identify your chipset. Use the “Compatible Cards” page to verify compatibility with aircrack-ng and the necessary drivers for your card.

If considering a new wireless card, the “Compatible Cards” page also offers insights on various chipsets and their compatibility.

Linux Distribution of Your Choice

Numerous Linux distributions are available, all capable of supporting aircrack-ng.

After selecting and installing your Linux distribution, you’ll need to patch the wireless driver based on the chipset identified earlier. Follow the “Installing Drivers” guide specific to your chipset for installation and troubleshooting.

Install aircrack-ng following the provided instructions.

Advantages:

  • High probability of aircrack-ng working correctly
  • Access to the latest aircrack-ng versions and drivers
  • Greatest flexibility

Disadvantages:

  • Requires in-depth Linux knowledge

Live CD

A Live CD is a bootable Linux distribution. Select a Live CD that supports your wireless card’s chipset and includes aircrack-ng.

A list of Live CDs including aircrack-ng is available.

Advantages:

  • Compatible with any host operating system
  • Requires no prior knowledge for setup
  • Highly portable

< h3>Disadvantages:

  • May feature outdated aircrack-ng and drivers with potential bugs

VMWare Image

VMWare offers a virtualization solution to run a “virtual computer” under a host OS. VMWare images preloaded with aircrack-ng are available, alongside installation guides.

Advantages:

  • Easy setup for aircrack-ng and drivers
  • Highly portable

Disadvantages:

  • Compatibility limited to certain host OSs
  • Supports only USB devices
  • May include outdated versions of aircrack-ng and drivers, though updates are possible

Using the Aircrack-ng Suite

Begin by verifying your wireless card’s packet injection capability. Follow the “Simple WEP Crack Tutorial” and advance to other tutorials for deeper understanding.

Resources

Human error, such as typos and skipped steps, often causes issues. Double-checking your actions can resolve many problems.

The Wiki is an excellent resource for detailed documentation and troubleshooting. The Forum is another great place for solutions, but ensure you’ve attempted to solve the issue beforehand. Detail your setup and efforts when seeking help.

For real-time assistance, join IRC: #aircrack-ng on Libera Chat. Remember, we do not support illegal activities, including unauthorized network access.

Videos may also prove useful in your learning journey.

Feedback, whether positive or negative, is welcome. Enjoy the process!

“`


Aircrack-ng Changelog

Version 1.7 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.6) – Released 10 May 2022:

  • Airmon-ng: Fix avahi killing
  • Airmon-ng: rewrite service stopping entirely
  • Airmon-ng: Codestyle fixes and code cleanup
  • Airmon-ng: Added a few Raspberry Pi hardware revisions
  • Airmon-ng: Fixes for 8812au driver
  • Airmon-ng: Fix iwlwifi firmware formatting
  • Airmon-ng: Remove broken KVM detection
  • Airmon-ng: Show regdomain in verbose mode
  • Airmon-ng: Updated Raspberry Pi hardware revisions
  • Airmon-ng: Document frequency usage
  • Airmon-ng: Add a sleep to help predictable names due to udev sometimes renaming interface
  • Airmon-ng: Added warning for broken radiotap headers in kernel 5.15 to 5.15.4
  • Airmon-ng: shellcheck fixes
  • Airmon-ng: support systemctl as some systems don’t support ‘service’ anymore
  • Airmon-ng: Fixes for pciutils 3.8, backward compatible
  • Airbase-ng: use enum for frame type/subtype
  • Airbase-ng: remove a few IE in association responses
  • Besside-ng: Support and detect all channels in 5GHz in Auto-Channel mode
  • OSdep: Search additional IE for channel information
  • OSdep: Android macro fixes
  • Patches: Add missing patches that were on https://patches.aircrack-ng.org but not in repo
  • Patches: Updated freeradius-wpe patch for v3.2.0
  • Patches: Updated hostapd-wpe patch for v2.10
  • Patches: Added docker containers to test WPE patches
  • Autotools: make dist now creates VERSION file
  • Autotools: Added maintainer mode
  • Autotools: Initial support for Link Time Optimization (LTO) builds
  • Integration tests: Added a new test, and improved some existing ones
  • Airgraph-ng: switch airodump-join to Python 3
  • Manpages: Fixes (typos, tools name, etc.) and improvements
  • README: Updated dependencies and their installation on various distros in README.md and INSTALLING
  • README: Fixed typos and spelling in README.md and INSTALLING
  • Packages: Packages on PackageCloud now support any distro using .deb and .rpm, however, it requires reinstalling repo (BREAKING CHANGE)
  • General: Fix compilation with LibreSSL 3.5
  • General: Fix issues reported by Infer
  • General: Updated buildbots
  • General: Add Linux uclibc support
  • General: Compilation fixes on macOS with the Apple M1 CPU
  • General: Removed TravisCI and AppVeyor
  • General: Use Github Actions for CI (Linux, Win, macOS, code style, and PVS-Studio)
  • General: Added vscode devcontainer and documentation
  • General: Fix warnings from PVS-Studio and build with pedantic (See PR2174)
  • General: Shell script fixes thanks to shellcheck
  • General: Fixes for GCC 10 and 11
  • General: Fixed cross-compilation
  • General: Code refactoring, deduplication, cleanup, and misc code improvements
  • General: Coverity Scan fixes, which includes memory leaks, race conditions, division by 0, and other issues
  • General: PVS Studio improvements,fixes and updates
  • General: Code formatting/style fixes
  • General: Various fixes and improvements (code, CI, integration tests, coverity)
  • General: Update bug reporting template and update the process

Version 1.6 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.5.2) – Released 25 Jan 2020:

  • Aircrack-ng: Added support for MidnightBSD
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed ARM processors display with -u
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed AVX-512F support
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed cracking speed calculation
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed cracking WEP beyond 10k IVS
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed creating new session and added test case
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed encryption display in some cases when prompting for network to crack
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed exiting Aircrack-ng in some cases
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed logical and physical processor count detection
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed PMKID length check
  • Aircrack-ng: Various fixes and improvements to WPA cracking engine and its performance
  • Airdecap-ng: Decrypt both directions when WDS is in use
  • Airdecap-ng: Fixed decrypting WPA PCAP when BSSID changes
  • Airgraph-ng: Added support for WPA3
  • Airgraph-ng: Switch to argparse
  • Airmon-ng: Added detection for wicd, Intel Wireless Daemon (iwd), net_applet
  • Airmon-ng: Handle case when avahi keeps getting restarted
  • Airmon-ng: Indicates when interface doesn’t exist
  • Airodump-ng: Added autocolorization interactive key
  • Airodump-ng: Added option to read PCAP in realtime (-T)
  • Airodump-ng: Added PMKID detection
  • Airodump-ng: Added support for GMAC
  • Airodump-ng: Added support for WPA3 and OWE (Enhanced Open)
  • Airodump-ng: Basic UTF-8 support
  • Airodump-ng: Checked management frames are complete before processing IE to avoid switch from WEP to WPA
  • Airodump-ng: Display signal when reading from PCAP
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed netxml output with hidden SSID
  • Airodump-ng: Improved rates calculation for 802.11n/ac
  • Airtun-ng: Fixed using -p with -e
  • Autoconf: Fixed order of ssl and crypto libraries
  • dcrack: Fixed client reporting benchmark
  • dcrack: Now handles chunked encoding when communicating (default in Python3)
  • Freeradius-WPE: Updated patch for v3.0.20
  • General: Added NetBSD endianness support
  • General: Added python3 support to scripts
  • General: Added script to update autotools on CentOS 7
  • General: Added security policy to report security issues
  • General: Reorganizing filesystem layout (See PR 2032), and switch to automake 1.14+
  • General: Convert to non-recursive make (part of PR 2032)
  • General: Deduplicating functions and code cleanups
  • General: Fixed packaging on cygwin due to openssl library name change
  • General: Fixed SPARC build on Solaris 11
  • General: Removed coveralls.io
  • General: Updated dependencies in README.md/INSTALLING
  • General: Use upstream radiotap libary, as a sub-tree
  • General: various fixes and improvements (code, CI, integration tests, coverity)
  • HostAPd-WPE: Updated for v2.9
  • Manpages: Fixes and improvements
  • Tests: Added Integration tests for aireplay-ng, airodump-ng, aircrack-ng, airbase-ng, and others
  • Tests: Added tests for airdecap-ng, aircrack-ng

Version 1.5.2 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.4) – Released 09 Dec 2018:

  • Airodump-ng: Fixed AP selection slip in interactive mode
  • Airodump-ng: Revamped GPS logging functionality and added new logging format (logcsv)
  • Aircrack-ng: Only load the maximum supported and available crypto engine
  • Aircrack-ng: Reworked wordlist producer/consumer queue
  • Airserv-ng: Fixed communication between platforms with different size int
  • Airmon-ng: Improved detection of Raspberry Pis
  • General: Signed and unsigned comparison fixes
  • Package: Added package for Ubuntu 18.10 (Cosmic)
  • General: Code cleanups
  • General: Added more tests
  • General: Compilation improvements/fixes in autotools
  • General: Big endian fixes
  • General: Fixed building on FreeBSD and OpenBSD
  • General: Added instructions to compile on DragonflyBSD and OpenBSD
  • General: Fixed spelling errors

Version 1.4 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.3) – Released 29 Sep 2018:

  • Aircrack-ng: Added PMKID cracking
  • Aircrack-ng: Serious speed up and memory usage decrease when loading large files (multiple Gb) using AVL trees
  • Aircrack-ng: Added hwloc (Hardware Locality) to improve performance
  • Aircrack-ng: Support cracking PCAP with Protected Management Frames (802.11w)
  • Aircrack-ng: Merged check_thread() and read_thread()
  • Aircrack-ng: Allow static linking with chosen SIMD
  • Aircrack-ng: Display AVX512F when present
  • Airodump-ng: Added clients GPS coordinates in NetXML file
  • Airdecap-ng: Improve decrypting/parsing speed
  • Airmon-ng: Updated/fixed using with nexmon
  • Airmon-ng: Better check for lspci requirement on systems that don’t have PCI/PCIe devices
  • Airmon-ng: Added support for rtl8812au/8814au/rtl88xxau driver
  • Build: Fixed building with a few different architectures
  • Build: Switch to new CI/CD tool, PyDeployer
  • Build: Improved building on Windows (and building/testing with AppVeyor)
  • Build: Improved and tweaked CI systems (buildbots, Travis, AppVeyor)
  • Build: Support for statically linking libraries/binaries
  • Build: Automatic development packages build for multiple Linux distro and upload to PackageCloud.io
  • Tests: Added new tests for Aircrack-ng
  • Tests: Added new capture files
  • Freeradius-WPE: Fixed opening log file twice
  • General: Fixed loading PCAP on system with a different endianness
  • General: Fixed memory leaks and issues reported by static analysis tools
  • General: Fixed “error while loading shared libraries”
  • General: Various other small improvements in the tools, build system, tests and documentation
  • General: Update FSF address
  • General: Code formatting

Version 1.3 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2) – Released 10 Jul 2018:

  • Aircrack-ng: Allow using Hashcat HCCAPX files as input files.
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed floating point exception due to division by 0 when displaying stats.
  • Aircrack-ng: Updated manpage regarding hex wordlist usage.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added save/restore session when cracking using wordlists (-N and -R).
  • Aircrack-ng: Moved crypto to its own library, aircrack-crypto/ (aka crypto engine).
  • Aircrack-ng: Now back to a single binary thanks to crypto-engine.
  • Aircrack-ng: Performance improvements of the crypto engine across various CPU architectures.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added support for AVX512 in the crypto-engine (and build).
  • Aircrack-ng: Improved building crypto-engine across CPU architectures and compilers (gcc, clang and ICC).
  • Aircrack-ng: Allow to list available SIMD optimizations.
  • Aircrack-ng: Improved benchmark tool for unusual CPU/cores count.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed running in the background.
  • Airodump-ng: Don’t show WPA handshake capture notice for out-of-scope ESSIDs.
  • Airodump-ng: Add –background 0/1 to force disable/enable background settings and override autodetection of background.
  • Airodump-ng: Added support for GCMP, GCMP-256 and CCMP-256.
  • Airolib-ng: Fixed importing data when interrupting process using Ctrl-C.
  • dcrack: Check if dictionary and capture file exists before uploading them.
  • dcrack: Clean up dictionary before uploading it to the server.
  • dcrack: Gracefully stop and display errors instead of printing stacktrace whenever possible.
  • dcrack: Move temporary user files to /tmp and cleanup when done.
  • dcrack: Fixed displaying status when no clients are connected to the server.
  • dcrack: Validate uploaded PCAP and display success/failure.
  • dcrack: Improved removing BSSID.
  • WPAClean: Fixed crash with invalid prism2 header PCAP and added tests.
  • WPAClean: Don’t create output file if no handshake are present or if input file is bad.
  • WPAClean: Fixed memory leak.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed display of interface name if name is too long.
  • OSdep: Fixed memory leak and null pointer dereference.
  • OSdep: Fixed byteorder macros and other tools crashing.
  • OSdep: Added support to build as a shared library.
  • FreeRADIUS-WPE: Updated instructions for v3.0.17.
  • HostAPd-wpe: Added Response-Identity logging and displaying NETNTLM hash in hashcat format.
  • Airgraph-ng: Renamed dump-join to airodump-join.
  • General: Added coveralls.io badge.
  • General: Added –without-opt to disable stack protector when using GCC >= 4.9
  • General: Various improvements and fixes, some from Coverity Scan and Valgrind.
  • General: Fixed typos reported by codespell.
  • General: Extracted console functions and moved to aircrack-util/.
  • General: Renamed osdep/ to aircrack-osdep/.
  • General: Fixed and added functions prototypes and commented out unused functions.
  • General: Reformat source code using clang-format and added .clang-format file for IDE.
  • General: Improvements to AppVeyor and TravisCI builds
  • Building: Added NEON intrinsic support.
  • Building: Support paths containing spaces, during autoreconf.
  • Building: Fix compilation without getauxval in the trampoline binary.
  • Building: Fixed compiler warnings on Windows, FreeBSD.
  • Building: Fixes and documentation for OSX.
  • Building: Added support for tcmalloc and jemalloc.
  • Building: Added instruction to build Windows binaries with Airpcap.
  • Unit test: Using CMocka for some tests
  • Documentation: Updated explanations regarding building some experimental tools.

Version 1.2 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-rc5) – Released 15 Apr 2018:

  • General: Fixed compiling Windows binaries and updated README.md/INSTALLING.
  • General: Fixed commands to install dependencies on Debian/Ubuntu and FreeBSD.
  • General: Added command to install dependencies on Fedora/CentOS/RHEL.
  • General: Removed packages/ directory.
  • General: Added Alpine Linux and Kali Linux buildbots.
  • General: Fixed configure with –with-libpcap-include=/somewhere/include and –with-libpcap-lib=/somewhere/lib.
  • General: Fixed search for ethtool when running as a non-root user.
  • General: Various fixes.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed mktemp on Alpine Linux.

Version 1.2-rc5 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-rc4) – Released 03 Apr 2018:

  • General: Switching to autotools which allows compiling on more plateforms.
  • General: Updated README.md and INSTALLING files.
  • General: Fixed compilation on a lot of platforms.
  • General: Fixed compilation warnings across platforms and compilers.
  • General: Fixed typos in the tools and in manpages.
  • General: Replace %d/ld with %u/lu for unsigned printf parameters.
  • General: Added option to disable stack protector.
  • General: Improved makefile to get reproducible builds.
  • General: Fixed compilation with OpenSSL 1.1.0.
  • General: Updated radiotap parsing code.
  • General: Updated all URLs to use HTTPS.
  • General: Fixed compilation with libreSSL.
  • General: Added WPS 2.0 test PCAP.
  • General: Do not use stackguard on Windows.
  • General: Fixed warnings on GCC7.
  • General: Improved code quality using Coverity Scan.
  • General: Added badges for Coverity scan and Intel compiler buildbot
  • Aircrack-ng: Use trampoline binary to automatically select fastest executable depending on the CPU
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed missing include for linecount.
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed concurrency issues when reading multiple WEP PCAP.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added support for creating HCCAPx file format.
  • Airodump-ng: Get the channel from HT information.
  • Airodump-ng: Detect WPS 2.x.
  • Airodump-ng: Also check current directory for OUI file.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed writing ESSID to CSV, Kismet CSV and Kismet NetXML files when ESSID gets decloaked and cloaked length was 1.
  • Aireplay-ng: Added deauthentication reason code option.
  • Aireplay-ng: Increase amount of AP to test when running injection test.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed 802.11a channel hopping list.
  • Airodump-ng: Fix creation of .xor files.
  • Airodump-ng: Added support for HT channels (HT20/HT40-/HT40+).
  • Airodump-ng: Now displaying correct rate for 802.11n or 802.11ac AP.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed checking for processes.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed display of “cannot access ‘/sys/class/ieee80211/’: No such file or directory”.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed bashisms.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed display of specific drivers.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed display of cards on the sdio bus.
  • Airmon-ng: Now supports nexmon driver on RPi 3 (and 0 Wireless) using Kali Linux.
  • Airmon-ng: Added identification for another realtek chipset and generic Ralink/MT.
  • Airmon-ng: Handle 2 types of rfkill commands and updated unblock text.
  • Airmon-ng: more portable modinfo usage.
  • Airmon-ng: remove grep -P references upon request.
  • Airmon-ng: Do not replace driver name by ?????? when driver is valid.
  • Airgraph-ng: Removed irrelevant comment in README.
  • Airgraph-ng: Handle SSID with double quotes.
  • Airgraph-ng: Fixed parsing OUI file.
  • Airdrop-ng: Updated lorcon2 installation instructions.
  • Besside-ng: Fixed ‘wi_read(): No child processes’ error.
  • Airdecloak-ng: Fixed segfault due to NULL pointer dereference.
  • osdep: Remove wi_set_channel(1) on open wifi interface (cygwin).
  • osdep: Fixed RAW socket resource leak.
  • Patches: Created WPE patches and documentation for current HostAPd and Freeradius versions.
  • Airodump-ng: Fix incorrect if conditions which always are false.
  • Airodump-ng: Remove useless not NULL check.
  • Airventriloquist: New tool from https://github.com/Caesurus/airventriloquist/
  • dcrack: Fixed indentation.
  • TravisCI: Fixed compilation on OSX.
  • AppVeyor: Added support for AppVeyor, CI for cygwin builds.

Version 1.2-rc4 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-rc3) – Released 14 Feb 2016:

  • Airodump-ng: Increase console window size.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added time remaining and percentage done when doing WPA cracking with a dictionary (file).
  • Aircrack-ng: Make benchmark last 15 seconds for a more accurate value.
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed compilation on Cygwin 64 and drastically improve cracking speed for all CPUs (up to +175% performance).
  • Airmon-ng: Improved chipset detection on FreeBSD.
  • Airmon-ng: Display chipset for some Broadcom SDIO.
  • Airbase-ng: Fixed broadcasting ‘default’.
  • General: Updated and cleanup TravisCI file to test compilation and testing on OSX.
  • General: Fixed reading large files on Cygwin.
  • General: Fixed a bunch of compilation warnings with gcc and clang.
  • General: Fixed compilation on Solaris, OpenBSD, DragonFlyBSD 4.4, NetBSD, OSX.
  • General: Fixed compilation on ARM and MIPS.
  • General: Improved compatibility on FreeBSD and Cygwin (RAM and CPU detection).
  • General: Fixed gcc segfault on cygwin.
  • General: Memory cleanups, fixed memory leaks and fix other issues reported by Valgrind.
  • Testing: Fixes on various OSes.
  • INSTALLING: Updated installation instructions for different OS.
  • TravisCI: Improved file.

Version 1.2-rc3 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-rc2) – Released 21 Nov 2015:

  • Airodump-ng: Prevent sending signal to init which caused the system to reboot/shutdown.
  • Airbase-ng: Allow to use a user-specified ANonce instead of a randomized one when doing the 4-way handshake
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed compilation warnings.
  • Aircrack-ng: Removed redundant NULL check and fixed typo in another one.
  • Aircrack-ng: Workaround for segfault when compiling aircrack-ng with clang and gcrypt and running a check.
  • Airmon-ng: Created version for FreeBSD.
  • Airmon-ng: Prevent passing invalid values as channel.
  • Airmon-ng: Handle udev renaming interfaces.
  • Airmon-ng: Better handling of rfkill.
  • Airmon-ng: Updated OUI URL.
  • Airmon-ng: Fix VM detection.
  • Airmon-ng: Make lsusb optional if there doesn’t seem to be a usb bus. Improve pci detection slightly.
  • Airmon-ng: Various cleanup and fixes (including wording and typos).
  • Airmon-ng: Display iw errors.
  • Airmon-ng: Improved handling of non-monitor interfaces.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed error when running ‘check kill’.
  • Airdrop-ng: Display error instead of stack trace.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed bashism.
  • Airdecap-ng: Allow specifying output file names.
  • Airtun-ng: Added missing parameter to help screen.
  • Besside-ng-crawler: Removed reference to darkircop.org (non-existent subdomain).
  • Airgraph-ng: Display error when no graph type is specified.
  • Airgraph-ng: Fixed make install.
  • Manpages: Fixed, updated and improved airodump-ng, airmon-ng, aircrack-ng, airbase-ng and aireplay-ng manpages.
  • Aircrack-ng GUI: Fixes issues with wordlists selection.
  • OSdep: Add missing RADIOTAP_SUPPORT_OVERRIDES check.
  • OSdep: Fix possible infinite loop.
  • OSdep: Use a default MTU of 1500 (Linux only).
  • OSdep: Fixed compilation on OSX.
  • AppArmor: Improved and added profiles.
  • General: Fixed warnings reported by clang.
  • General: Updated TravisCI configuration file
  • General: Fixed typos in various tools.
  • General: Fixed clang warning about ‘gcry_thread_cbs()’ being deprecated with gcrypt > 1.6.0.
  • General: Fixed compilation on cygwin due to undefined reference to GUID_DEVCLASS_NET
  • General: Fixed compilation with musl libc.
  • General: Improved testing and added test cases (make check).
  • General: Improved mutexes handling in various tools.
  • General: Fixed memory leaks, use after free, null termination and return values in various tools and OSdep.
  • General: Fixed compilation on FreeBSD.
  • General: Various fixes and improvements to README (wording, compilation, etc).
  • General: Updated copyrights in help screen.

Version 1.2-rc2 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-rc1) – Released 10 April 2015:

  • Airtun-ng: Adds WPA CCMP and TKIP decryption and CCMP encryption
  • Compilation: Added support for DUMA.
  • Makefile: Renamed ‘unstable’ to ‘experimental’.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed XML sanitizing.
  • Airmon-ng: Airmon-zc is now stable enough to replace airmon-ng.
  • Manpages: Removed airdriver-ng manpage and references to it (forgot to do it before the previous release).
  • Manpages: Updated ‘see also’ references in all manpages.
  • PCRE: Added it in various places and docs.
  • WZCook: Fixed processing values stored in register.
  • Updated a few headers files (if_llc, ieee80211, ethernet and if_arp).
  • Travis CI: updated make parameter and add testing with pcre.
  • Compilation: de-hardcode -lpcap to allow specifying pcap libraries.
  • Makefile: Fixed installing/uninstalling Airdrop-ng documentation files.
  • Makefile: Fixed uninstalling ext_scripts.
  • Airodump-ng: Added new paths (and removed one) for OUI files and simplified logic to find the OUI file.
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed ignoring -p when specified after -S.
  • Airmon-ng: fixes for openwrt busybox ps/grep issues which do not seem present in other versions of busybox
  • Airmon-ng: fix vm detection.
  • Airserv-ng: Fixed channel setting (and assert call).
  • Airodump-ng: Fixes to NetXML (unassociated clients missing and various other small bugs) and update the code to match current NetXML output.
  • Airodump-ng: Removed requirement for 2 packets before AP is written to output (text) files.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed formatting of ESSID and display of WPA/WPA2 (as well as a bunch of other small fixes) in CSV file.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed GPSd.
  • Airodump-ng: Allow to specify write interval for CSV, kismet CSV and NetXML files.
  • Airserv-ng: Fixed wrong station data displayed in Airodump-ng.
  • General: Fixed 64 bit promotion issues.
  • General: Fixed a bunch of uninitialized values and non-zeroed structures (upon allocating them).
  • General: Added Stack protection.
  • Various other small fixes and improvements.

Version 1.2-rc1 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-beta3) – Released 31 October 2014:

  • Airodump-ng should be able to parse the canonical oui file.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed GPS stack overflow.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed stopping cleanly with Ctrl-C.
  • Airmon-zc: better handling for when modules are not available (incomplete)
  • Airmon-zc: users can now start the monitor interface again to change channels
  • Airmon-zc: update to use ip instead of ifconfig if available.
  • Airmon-zc: better handling of devices without pci bus
  • Aireplay-ng: Fixed tcp_test stack overflow.
  • OSdep: Fixed libnl detection. Also avoid detection on non Linux systems.
  • OSdep: Fixed segmentation fault that happens with a malicious server.
  • Besside-ng: Add regular expression matching for the SSID.
  • Buddy-ng: Fixed segmentation fault.
  • Makefile: Fixed ‘commands commence before first target’ error when building Aircrack-ng.
  • Fixed segfault when changing the optimization when compiling with gcc thanks to Ramiro Polla.
  • Removed airdriver-ng (outdated and not meant for today’s kernels)
  • Added gitignore file.
  • Fixed build issues on other compilers by using stdint.h types.
  • Updating installation file and added pkg-config as a requirement.
  • Various small fixes and improvements.

Version 1.2-beta3 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-beta2) – Released 31 March 2014:

  • Finally properly fixed the buffer overflow.
  • Fixed channel parsing (eg 108, 125) and updated radiotap parser.
  • Various other small fixes.

Version 1.2-beta2 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.2-beta1) – Released 30 November 2013:

  • Airbase-ng: Fixed order of IE when creating soft Access Point.
  • Airbase-ng: Fixed Caffe Latte Attack not working for all clients.
  • Aircrack-ng: Improved PTW speed thanks to Ramiro Polla.
  • Airmon-zc: Fixed improper use of the interface.
  • Airdecap-ng: Fixed decoding captures with WMM enabled.
  • Various: Fixed memory leaks in Aircrack-ng, Aireplay-ng, OSdep.
  • Added support for static analysis using Coverity Scan.
  • Fixed compilation due to PIC unfriendly assembly on Gentoo hardened.
  • Fixed running tests using ‘make check’.
  • Fixed building aircrack-ng with recent version of gcc and also on cygwin.
  • Various other small fixes.

Version 1.2-beta1 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.1) – Released 25 May 2013:

  • Airmon-ng: Added chipset information for ar9170usb, wl, rt2800usb, ar9271, wl12xx, RT3070STA, ath9k_htc, r871x_usb_drv, ath5k, carl9170 and various Intel drivers.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed chipset information ipw2200.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed output for r8187 driver.
  • Airmon-ng: Improved chipset information for a few drivers.
  • Airmon-ng: Support for displaying information about ath9k.
  • Airmon-ng: Added ‘check kill’ to automatically kill services that could interfere.
  • Airmon-ng: Fixed issues with Intel chipsets detection.
  • Airmon-ng: Updated iw download link.
  • Airmon-ng: Better mac80211 handling
  • Airmon-ng: Added detection for WiLink TI driver, rtl819xU, iwlwifi.
  • Airmon-zc: Improved version of Airmon-ng with more detailed information.
  • Airdecap-ng: Fixed decoding QoS frames (Closes: #667 and #858).
  • Airgraph-ng: Use Aircrack-ng Makefile instead of its own.
  • Airbase-ng: Fixed bug using clients list.
  • Airbase-ng: Fixed issue with QoS (ticket #760).
  • Airbase-ng: Fixed sending beacons with null SSID.
  • Airbase-ng: Allow non ASCII ESSID
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed buffer overflow (ticket #728).
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed channel parsing.
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed FreeBSD battery reading.
  • Airodump-ng: Renamed “Packets” column to “Frames” (“Packets” was not correct).
  • Airodump-ng: Fixed XML bugs when outputting NetXML: ESSID containing ‘&’ or chinese characters, when multiple encryption are used.
  • Airodump-ng: Add alternative paths for Airodump-ng OUI file.
  • Airodump-ng: Added GPSd 2.92+ support (JSON).
  • Airodump-ng: Add option –manufacturer to display manufacturer column on airodump-ng.
  • Airodump-ng: Add feature to show APs uptime (–uptime) based on the timestamp.
  • Airodump-ng-OUI-update: Fixed OUI URL and allow CURL redirect (ticket #829).
  • Airdrop-ng: removed .py from file names.
  • Airdrop-ng: Fixed bug in installer.
  • Airdrop-ng: Fixed OUI lookup.
  • Airdrop-ng: Fixed bug when several BSSID have the same ESSID.
  • Airdrop-ng: Doesn’t constantly parse anymore, wait 5 seconds each time it parses.
  • Airdrop-ng: Fixed crash when failing to get channel or when rules file didn’t exist.
  • Airdrop-ng: Fixed to use lorcon.py/lorcon2 libs.
  • Airdrop-ng: Updated README.
  • Airdrop-ng: Fixed error preventing update to work.
  • Versuck-ng: New script to do the same thing as the kismet autowep plugin from the CLI.
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed counter display error when cracking WPA.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added output of the WPA handshake to EWSA project file.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added output of the WPA handshake to oclhashcat+ project file.
  • Aircrack-ng: Added benchmark option, -S.
  • Aircrack-ng: Fixed -u option.
  • Aircrack-ng: PIC fix for hardened systems from Francisco Blas Izquierdo Riera (klondike)
  • Aircrack-ng: Allow dictionaries larger than 2Gb.
  • Aircrack-ng: Give a better message when there’s an error with the dictionary.
  • Aircrack-ng: Prevent a buffer overflow from happening (Wojciech Waga).
  • Aireplay-ng: Added migration mode attack from Leandro Meiners and Diego Sor from Core Security (BlackHat Las Vegas 2010)
  • Aireplay-ng, Airodump-ng: Added option to ignore issue with -1 channel.
  • Airserv-ng: Fixed crash when clients disconnect.
  • Besside-ng-crawler: Added EAPOL Crawler.
  • Airdecloak-ng: Fixed bug when using pcap files with PPI headers.
  • dcrack: Distributed cracking server/client
  • wifi-detect.sh: reference script for testing wifi card detection using iwconfig vs ls /sys/class/net
  • WPA Clean: Tool to merge and clean WPA capture files.
  • Wireless Panda: C# Library to parse Airodump-ng output files (and added example project).
  • OSdep (Linux): Setting fixed bitrates on mac80211 2.6.31 and up.
  • OSdep (Linux): Added support for nl80211 thanks to impulse32. Use ‘make libnl=true’ to add netlink support (Ticket #1004).
  • Manpages: Improvement and fixes for Airgraph-ng, Airodump-ng, packetforge-ng, Aircrack-ng
  • Manpages: Fixed various spelling issues and single quote issues.
  • Makefiles: Added tests for the different tools.
  • Makefiles: Various fixes and improvements.
  • Makefiles: Added support for libgrypt instead of OpenSSL via parameter.
  • Patches: Added a few patches.
  • Removed useless script: patchchk.
  • Finally fixed licensing issues.
  • Fixed endianness issues in most of the tools.
  • Fixed cppcheck errors (Ticket #957).
  • Fixed various compilation issues on Linux and Cygwin, GNU/Hurd, Darwin (OSX) and Sparc.
  • Fixed compilation on recent gcc versions on Linux, Cygwin.
  • Added instructions for Travis CI: Free Hosted Continuous Integration Platform for the Open Source Community.
  • Added Readme.Md for GitHub. Aircrack-ng subversion repository is synced on GitHub: http://github.com/aircrack-ng/aircrack-ng
  • Various other small bug fixes.

Version 1.1 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0) – Released 24 April 2010:

  • airdrop-ng: New tool by TheX1le.
  • airodump-ng, aircrack-ng, airdecap-ng, airbase-ng: Fixed buffer overflow in airodump-ng due to forged eapol frame.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed multicast detection (WPA handshake detection).
  • airodump-ng: Added interaction (see wiki for the commands).
  • airodump-ng: Fixed client time in netxml file.
  • airtun-ng: Add WDS and bridge support.
  • airbase-ng: automatically set privacy bit to 1 if WPA or WPA2 is used (-Z or -z option).
  • airmon-ng: Updated iw URL for v0.9.19.
  • airdriver-ng: Fixed link for madwifi-ng.
  • aireplay-ng: Chopchop enhancement to not stop but wait on deauth packets.
  • tkiptun-ng: Fixed segfault.
  • wesside-ng: Fixed compilation bug with recent version of gcc.
  • cygwin: Compiling sqlite isn’t necessary anymore, libsqlite3-devel package can be used.
  • osdep: Strict aliasing and x86_64 fix.
  • osdep: Add tap support for Darwin/OS X. Still require tuntaposx from sourceforge to work.
  • All: Fixed compilation on cygwin 1.7.
  • All: Fixed compilation on recent version of OSX.
  • manpages: Fixed aireplay-ng manpage for attack 0: not disassociation packets, deauth packets.
  • manpages: Added the keys for interaction in airodump-ng.
  • patches: Added regulatory domains override patches for atheros drivers (ath5k, ath9k and ar9170).
  • patches: Added 2.6.32 patch for r8187 driver (ieee80211).
  • Makefiles: Fixed make uninstall.

Version 1.0 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0-rc4) – Released 08 September 2009:

  • airserv-ng: Now works fine between 32 and 64bit OSes.
  • wesside-ng: Fixed some endianness bugs
  • airodump-ng-oui-update: Make sure the user is root when updating the file.
  • airmon-ng: Updated iw download link (0.9.17).
  • All: Fixed compilation with some gcc.
  • patches: Added missing patches from patches.aircrack-ng.org: mac80211_2.6.28-rc4-wl_frag+ack_v3.patch
  • manpage: Updated aireplay-ng manpage.
  • INSTALLING: Removed (now) useless requirement for OSX installation.
  • GUI (windows): Fixed 2nd selection of a capture file.

Version 1.0-rc4 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0-rc3) – Released 27 July 2009:

  • airodump-ng: Decreased time before writing text files to 5 sec (instead of 20).
  • airodump-ng: New option –output-format option (to replace –nocap): specify output files.
  • airodump-ng: Fixed encryption tag value in kismet netxml files.
  • airodump-ng: Sanitize essid before writing it into kismet netxml files.
  • airodump-ng: Log manufacturer into kismet netxml files.
  • aireplay-ng: Fake auth: reduce the number of ACKs to 2 per packet.
  • aireplay-ng: Added possibility to stop sending fake auth requests after n retry failures.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed compilation on FreeBSD.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed aircrack-ng –help on OSX.
  • airmon-ng: Updated iw download link (0.9.15).
  • airmon-ng: Fix chipset detection for iwlagn (show “Intel 4965/5xxx” instead of “Unknown”).
  • airmon-ng: Display a message when udev rename madwifi-ng VAPs.
  • airmon-ng: sleep 1s instead of 0.1 (0.1 is not supported by all distro).
  • airolib-ng: Fixed locked database counter.
  • airdriver-ng: Updated to rt2570 k2wrlz v1.6.3
  • airdriver-ng: Updated r8187 patch.
  • aircrack-ng, airdecap-ng, ivstools, airodump-ng, airbase-ng, aireplay-ng, airtun-ng, packetforge-ng, tkiptun-ng: Added support for PPI captures support (Thanks to dragorn).
  • airdecap-ng: Fixed segfault on some capture files.
  • wesside-ng, easside-ng: “ERROR: Packet length changed while transmitting (XX instead of YY)” should finally be fixed.
  • All: Added compatibility file for functions like cpu_to_le32. That should fix compilation on a lot of OSes.
  • All: Temporary fix to allow compilation with recent gcc (Error message: “dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules”). I hope it doesn’t break anything. A cleaner fix will be applied later.
  • INSTALLING: OSX patch for Intel CPU isn’t required anymore
  • INSTALLING: Updated instructions to compile sqlite on cygwin for 3.6.16.
  • patches: Updated sqlite (v3.6.13) patch for cygwin.
  • patches: Updated wlanng patch for 2.6.28.
  • patches: Updated madwifi-ng patch to r4073
  • packages: Fixed spec (RPM) file.
  • GUI (windows): Use last used directory when selecting another file to crack.
  • GUI (windows): Allow .pcap files too (next to .cap, …).

Version 1.0-rc3 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0-rc2) – Released 26 March 2009:

  • airodump-ng: Added Active Scanning Simulation.
  • airodump-ng: Added support for kismet-newcore netxml files (DTD v3.1.0)
  • airodump-ng: Changed file extensions for CSV (.csv instead of .txt) and for kismet CSV (.kismet.csv instead of .csv).
  • airodump-ng: Fixed WPA tag parsing and added QoS detection based on direction.
  • airodump-ng: Added option to only disable capture file; all other files (CSV, kismet CSV, kismet netxml, GPS) will be created.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed -w with WEP.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed useless memory allocation.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed compilation with gcc 2.95.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed compilation on 64 bit (SHA-SSE2).
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed errors when compiling on OS X 10.5.6 PPC.
  • aircrack-ng: Added an option to write the key to a file.
  • airolib-ng: Fixed a bug where database is created even if parameters are not correct.
  • airmon-ng: Added wifibox to the list of network manager.
  • airmon-ng: Updated iw download link (0.9.11).
  • airmon-ng and airdriver-ng: Move them in script/ directory.
  • airmon-ng: Bypass interface checks when ps command returns an error. Needed for BusyBox limited ps command.
  • airdriver-ng: Update legacy RT73 driver to use rt73-k2wrlz v3.0.2
  • tkiptun-ng: Allow padded arp packets to the client.
  • airserv-ng & osdep: Fixed compilation on FreeBSD 7.1
  • easside-ng & wesside-ng: Fixing again “Error Wrote 39 out of 30” error message.
  • manpages: Fixed manpages titles.
  • Makefile: Only compile and install wesside-ng, easside-ng, buddy-ng and tkiptun-ng with “make unstable=true”.
  • patches: Updated sqlite (v3.6.11) patch for cygwin.
  • patches: Added patch for aircrack-ng on MacOSX
  • scripts: Added a script to automatically patch and install SQLite in cygwin.

Version 1.0-rc2 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0-rc1) – Released 22 Jan 2009:

  • aircrack-ng: Added SSE2 supports (WPA cracking speed is improved a lot) thanks to nx5.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed detection of the number of CPU (especially with recent CPUs).
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed long lasting WPA bugs: cannot find the key with SMP computers, wasn’t exiting correctly, …
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed usage of a dictionnary with WEP.
  • aircrack-ng: Now only display ASCII WEP keys when 100% of the hex key can be converted to ASCII.
  • aircrack-ng: You can now specify the number of threads for cracking even if you have a non-SMP computer.
  • aircrack-ng: Now output an error message if using -r and it wasn’t compiled with sqlite support. It was a problem on some ubuntu.
  • airdecloak-ng: New tool to remove wep cloaked frames from a pcap file. For more details see http://www.aircrack-ng.org/doku.php?id=airdecloak-ng
  • airodump-ng: Added kismet csv output support.
  • airodump-ng: Fixed power value display (for ath interface with a high number, more than 99).
  • airodump-ng: Can work on the new frequencies (allowed by frequency Chaos patch).
  • airodump-ng: Now display if the network has QoS enabled.
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed crash with too short packets (seen with zd1211).
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed STP usage in fragmentation attack.
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed bug with deauth attack.
  • airtun-ng: Fixed STP conversion.
  • airolib-ng: Added sample database in test/ directory.
  • tkip-tun: New tool to inject on WPA1 with QoS enabled networks. Full description: decrypt packets coming from the AP in a TKIP network, which uses QoS (ieee802.11e). It also breaks the MIC Key for sending packets towards the Client correctly encrypted and signed. Stores plaintext packet and keystream in seperate files.
  • airbase-ng: Several improvements ( See #466 ).
  • airbase-ng: Added compatibility with some clients. added random source IPs and MACs for cfrag attack (-N) to evade simple flood protection.
  • airmon-ng: Fixed some ‘unary operator expected’ errors.
  • airmon-ng: Fixed channel number setting with mac80211 drivers.
  • airmon-ng: Recognition of 4 new chipsets: acx1xx, at76_usb, adm8211 and AR9001U (otus).
  • airmon-ng: Fixed some chipset naming inconsistencies between ieee80211 and mac80211 drivers.
  • airmon-ng: Fixed display of “airmon-ng check”.
  • airmon-ng: Improved mac80211 driver handling.
  • airdriver-ng: Fixed madwifi-ng driver download URL.
  • airdriver-ng: Updated openSuse information.
  • wesside-ng: Fixed open() with O_CREAT that needs 3 arguments.
  • osdep: Added TAP/TUN MTU getter.
  • manpages: Fixed misspelled airserv-ng manpage filename.
  • manpages: Added Airbase-ng, Tkiptun-ng manpages.
  • manpages: Updated description of all manpages.
  • Makefile: Fixed errors when compiling on OSX 10.5.
  • Makefile: Now ensure that make 3.81 or higher (mandatory) is used when compiling on OSX 10.4.
  • Makefile: Only install airolib-ng manpage if airolib-ng is installed.
  • Makefile: Added ‘make check’ that tests key cracking against files given in test/ directory.
  • general: Fixed ‘evalrev’ on Solaris.
  • general: Fixed compilation on Sun SPARC.
  • general: Fixed compilation on some distribution (with a recent version of gcc) due to warnings (because of not getting the return value of some functions).
  • general: Several compilation fixes.
  • patches: Updated ath5k patches
  • patches: Added rt2570 patch (kernel 2.6.24).
  • patches: Updated madwifi-ng patch for r3745.
  • patches: Updated mac80211 patches.
  • patches: Added zd1211rw patch for 2.6.26, b43/b43legacy for 2.6.26-wl.
  • patches: rt73, r8187 patches for fedora kernels (should work on 2.6.27).
  • patches: Added Defcon 16 patch (more frequencies than the usuals) for ath5k called frequency Chaos.
  • patches: Added injection patch for rtl8187 (mac80211).
  • patches: Added a universal mac80211 fragmentation and injection speed patch.
  • GUI (windows): Fixed: Windows GUI gives “please specify dictionnary”.

Version 1.0-rc1 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0-beta2) – Released 09 Jun 2008:

  • airbase-ng: Multi-purpose tool aimed at attacking clients as opposed to the AP.
  • airbase-ng: Added replay tool for external packet processing feature.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed: Displaying twice the wep key at the end and “Warning: Previous crack is still running”.
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed detection of WPA handshake (was not working correctly in previous release).
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed PTW attack against QoS and WDS packets.
  • aircrack-ng: Added oneshot option to try PTW only once.
  • airodump-ng: Fixed channel numbers (Fixed “fixed channel” messages).
  • airodump-ng: Added frequency selection (-C).
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed injection on OpenBSD.
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed a rtc bug which freezed aireplay-ng in case /dev/rtc0 is not available.
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed chopchop attack against QoS packets.
  • aireplay-ng: Added Caffe-Latte attack.
  • aireplay-ng: Added CFrag attack: Turns every IP and ARP packet into an ARP request against the client.
  • airtun-ng: Added support for fragmented packets.
  • airdriver-ng: Updated drivers.
  • airserv-ng: Various fixes.
  • airmon-ng: Added nl80211 usage.
  • airmon-ng: Use ‘iw’ when it is found.
  • airmon-ng: Fixed error with madwifi-ng when creating new VAP.
  • wesside-ng: Added option to ignore ACKs.
  • OSdep: Fixed endieanness bugs.
  • OSdep: Orinoco: attempt to bring interface down before switching to monitor mode.
  • All: Added copyright and GPL in missing files.
  • All: Fixed compilation on Mac OSX 10.5.2 (PPC).
  • GUI: Fixed “Choose” button (airdecap-ng).
  • Makefile: Fixed usage of iCC versions other than 9.0.
  • patches: Updated rtl8187 patch.
  • patches: Updated madwifi-ng patch.
  • patches: Updated sqlite patch (cygwin).
  • patches: Added mac80211 frag patch.
  • patches: Added b43 and updated bcm43xx patches.

Version 1.0-beta2 (changes from aircrack-ng 1.0-beta1) – Released 01 Feb 2008:

  • aircrack-ng: Cracking WPA now does only require 2 packets (instead of 4).
  • airodump-ng: Fixed (WEP) open system and shared key system detection.
  • airodump-ng (win): Battery status is now displayed.
  • airdriver-ng: Fixed module detection.
  • airdriver-ng: Updated drivers.
  • airdriver-ng: Added firmware support.
  • airdriver-ng: Added softmac installation.
  • airdecap-ng: Save packets with ICV error in a separate file.
  • airolib-ng: Automatically create a database if it does not exist. “init” option is not necessary anymore.
  • airolib-ng: Now uses getopts for options.
  • airdriver-ng: Updated some drivers download locations.
  • airdriver-ng: Fixed softmac installation
  • airmon-ng: Added detection of ipwraw-ng driver.
  • airmon-ng: When stopping an interface, it is in managed mode
  • Makefile: supports DESTDIR or destdir parameter.
  • Makefile: renamed ROOT (used by gentoo for other stuff) variable by AC_ROOT.
  • manpages: Fixes for whatis
  • patches: updated cygwin sqlite patch
  • patches: updated rtl8187 patch
  • Added instructions to compile airolib-ng and using ‘-r’ option in aircrack-ng for cygwin.
  • Fixed compilation of aircrack-ng with some gcc versions

Version 1.0-beta1 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.9.2) – Released 01 October 2007:

  • airodump-ng: Added –berlin option (see code for more information).
  • airodump-ng: Fixed 100% cpu utilization while channelhopping on rtap interface
  • airodump-ng: Fixed frame length < 10bytes bug
  • airodump-ng: Added out-of-monitor-mode, channel hop and interface down detection
  • airodump-ng: Fixed debian bug #417388: airodump-ng doesn’t restore terminal after error
  • airodump-ng: Fixed opening the same interface more than once
  • airodump-ng: Fixed PWR values for some drivers
  • airodump-ng: Fixed airodump sanity check (resulted in showing WPA networks without CIPHER & AUTH)
  • airodump-ng: Added “-f” to set the time in ms between hopping channels
  • airodump-ng: Added partial 40bit WEP detection
  • airodump-ng: Added “–showack” to print statistics about ack/cts and rts frames
  • airodump-ng: Added “-h” to hide the known stations in ack statistics
  • airodump-ng: Added “-r” to read packets from a pcap file
  • aircrack-ng: Added BSSID merge option
  • aircrack-ng: Added passive ptw attack (using also IP packets for cracking)
  • aircrack-ng: Made ptw attack default, for korek attack use -K
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed huge memory usage with ptw attack on hundreds of APs
  • aircrack-ng: Added -M paramteter for specifying maximum number of IVs to be read
  • aircrack-ng: Changed ptw testpackets from first to random (fixes invalidation of found keys)
  • aircrack-ng: Added –wep-decloak mode
  • aircrack-ng: Added –ptw-debug to allow klein or ptw disabling
  • aircrack-ng: PTW: Starts a new process group
  • aircrack-ng: Increased PTW key checking speed by 20%
  • aircrack-ng: Try 1000 40bit keys before starting 104bit cracking, to get the key “instantly” without waiting for 104 bit to fail
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed not shown ascii keys, when found key was shorter than expected
  • aircrack-ng: Added visual inspection of the different keybytes (–visual-inspection).
  • airdecap-ng: Fixed bug in calc_pmk() function causes wrong PMK to be computed
  • aireplay-ng: Added usage of RTS/CTS, auth and ACK to –test (more stable and faster)
  • aireplay-ng: Added TCP connection test to –test
  • aireplay-ng: Changed injection rate to be more stable
  • aireplay-ng: Made essid argument optional – sniffs the essid if its broadcasted
  • aireplay-ng: Made src mac argument (-h) optional – uses default interface mac
  • aireplay-ng: Added bitrate test to –test (-B)
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed 100% cpu utilization in –test
  • aireplay-ng: Added –fast switch to use first available packet without interaction
  • aireplay-ng: chopchop now tries header recreation workaround if icv check failed
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed seq field for fragment attack
  • aireplay-ng: Now works with rtc_cmos
  • aireplay-ng: Added automatic channel changing in –test to AP channel
  • aireplay-ng: Added channel synchronization for –test between cards
  • aireplay-ng: Added possibility to limit injection test to one AP “-a” or “-e”
  • aireplay-ng: Added BSSID/ESSID detection, so it can be enough to specify one option
  • makeivs-ng: Added parameters to set length, number and first IV of generated IVs
  • makeivs-ng: Added possibility to generate IVs sequentially or randomly
  • makeivs-ng: Added parameters to set percentage of false and dupe frames
  • makeivs-ng: Added 256bit wep support
  • packetforge-ng: Added support for generating more than on packet
  • patches: updated rtl8187 patch for 2.6.22
  • patches: updated zd1211rw patch for 2.6.22
  • New IVS format for storing all relevant data
  • Auto-creation of rtap interface if it doesn’t exist (ipw2200)
  • Better acx, rtl8180, orinoco and madwifi-ng detection
  • Using OpenSSL instead of build-in crypto
  • Added library rx/tx support
  • Added airpcap rx/tx support
  • Added airdriver-ng script for installing and managing patched drivers
  • Added wesside-ng as an all in one tool for recovering the wep-key
  • Added easside-ng for realtime decryption (instant rx/tx) of wep frames
  • Added buddy-ng as loopback server for easside-ng
  • Added airserv-ng – server for rx/tx on another system
  • Added airolib-ng for using hash tables to crack wpa/wpa2 psk (supports cowpatty rainbow tables)
  • Fixed compilation of optimized binaries with icc
  • Fixed compilation on FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD and MacOSX
  • Better WDS handling and display
  • Added detection and removal of trailing fcs checksum
  • Fixed several memory leaks
  • Fixed being root when connecting to airserv-ng
  • Added OpenBSD sniffing support

Version 0.9.3 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.9.2) – Released 24 February 2008:

  • Fix endianness issues in airodump-ng, aireplay-ng.
  • Several small bug fixes.
  • Updated rtl8187 patch.

Version 0.9.2 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.9.1) – Released 05 February 2008:

  • aireplay-ng: Now works with rtc_cmos
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed compilation on Fedora Rawhide
  • airodump-ng: Fixed: Wrong information printed in CSV file (PSK for WEP with Shared key instead of SKA).
  • airodump-ng (airpcap): added support for 5Ghz channels.
  • airdecap-ng: Fixed bug in calc_pmk() function causes wrong PMK to be computed
  • airmon-ng: Fixed detection of N770 wireless interface
  • airmon-ng: Fixed Ralink rt73 detection
  • airmon-ng: Added driver detection through sysfs
  • airmon-ng: Added mac80211 support
  • airmon-ng: Added networkmanager detection – airmon-ng check
  • airmon-ng: Added detection of ipwraw-ng driver
  • GUI (win): Fixed file dialog for airdecap-ng
  • manpages: updated airodump-ng manpage
  • manpages: Fixes for whatis
  • Makefiles: Fixed OpenBSD makefile.

Version 0.9.1 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.9) – Released 25 june 2007:

  • airodump-ng: wlan-ng driver now works again.
  • airodump-ng: Fixed IP address when writing to CSV file
  • airodump-ng: Fixed debian bug #417388: it doesn’t restore terminal after error
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed WPA cracking on SMP computers
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed bug in calc_pmk() function causes wrong PMK to be computed
  • airmon-ng: Fixed madwifi-ng wifiX detection (due to translation in ifconfig)
  • patches: Added ACX injection patch
  • patches: Updated rtl8187 patch for 2.6.21
  • GUI (win): Added PTW option to aircrack-ng tab.
  • GUI (win): Fixed a bug when cracking with a wordlist.

Version 0.9 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.8) – Released 13 May 2007:

  • aireplay-ng: Added new ‘attack’: injection test (–test)
  • aireplay-ng: disallow injection with wlanng & kernel > 2.6.11
  • airtun-ng: Fixed: an option wasn’t shown in usage screen.
  • airodump-ng (win): Fixed version numbering.
  • airodump-ng (win): Changed first time messagebox
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed: –help make aircrack-ng crash
  • aircrack-ng: Added PTW attack (option: -z). It require full capture.
  • airdecap-ng: now decrypt IEEE802.11 header with 802.11e header
  • airmon-ng: Fixed orinoco card detection
  • patches: updated zd1211rw patch for kernel 2.6.21
  • patches: Added bcm43xx injection patch for kernel 2.6.20
  • patches: updated rtl8187 patch (for new driver version).
  • wzcook (win): now can work in silent mode (option: –silent)
  • Makefile: added make zip (cygwin only)
  • Makefile: fixed direct call to ‘make install’ or ‘make strip’ instead of ‘make’
  • GUI (win): Updated aircrack-ng tab and added an about tab.

Version 0.8 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.7) – Released 25 April 2007:

  • aireplay-ng: Works on FreeBSD-CURRENT
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed stdin dictionary usage
  • aircrack-ng: Hardcode CPUs number to 1 in case detection fails
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed too low trashvalue
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed 384 bytes keystream output
  • aireplay-ng: Fixed IV index bug
  • aireplay-ng: Better error messages for -0 and -1
  • airtun-ng: Works on FreeBSD
  • airtun-ng: Fix compilation under FC6 (missing “linux/if.h” include).
  • airodump-ng: Works on FreeBSD.
  • airodump-ng: Added encryption filtering
  • airodump-ng: Fixed a SIGSEGV
  • airodump-ng: Added WPA handshake detection
  • airodump-ng: Added non associated stations filter
  • airodump-ng: Added support for zd1211rw
  • airodump-ng: Fixed 100% cpu utilisation
  • airmon-ng: Added support for zd1211rw driver
  • airmon-ng: Added support for at76c503a, rt61 and rt73
  • airmon-ng: Updated some device detection
  • airmon-ng: Added Nokia 770 and PrismGT softmac
  • airmon-ng: Fixed ACX driver monitor mode startup
  • airmon-ng: Fixed syntax error
  • airtun-ng: Works on FreeBSD
  • airtun-ng: Added pcap support to replay saved wlan sessions
  • airtun-ng: Added repeater mode, bssid and netmask filter
  • packetforge-ng: Added null packet support
  • packetforge-ng: Added packet selection for -9
  • Patches: Added hostap kernel 2.6.18 patch
  • Patches: Updated rtl8187 patch.
  • Patches: Updated madwifi-ng patch.
  • Patches: Added injection patch for zd1211 (does not work for all devices).
  • Added airoscript (from daouid)
  • Makefiles: Fixed: make uninstall did not remove all files
  • Updated spec file by David Bolt to be able to build RPM packages on FC, Mandriva and Suse distro
  • Added WEP authentication example capture
  • Fixed gcc 2.95 compilation
  • Fixed compilation on MacIntel

Version 0.7 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.6.2) – Released 20 January 2007:

  • Makefiles: Improved + added makefiles for other OS
  • Makefiles: Fixed make install on Windows and MacOSX
  • airtun-ng: Creates a tuntap interface, through which ordinary IP frames can be injected
  • aireplay-ng: Added fragmentation attack
  • aireplay-ng: Added shared key authentication
  • airmon-ng: Now detect the shell when installing
  • airmon-ng: Added support for rtl8187
  • aircrack-ng: Added WEP dictionnary attack
  • aircrack-ng: Works with 802.11e QoS packets
  • airodump-ng: Added MAC filtering
  • airodump-ng: Now use the flaw in shared-key authentication to generate a xor file containing the prga recovered from a shared-key authentication
  • airodump-ng: More information about encryption on the AP
  • airodump-ng: Receive quality indicator
  • airodump-ng: The way ESSID is given in the CSV file is more clear
  • packetforge-ng: Set the TTL value in the ip header
  • packetforge-ng: Close open file handles
  • Special handling of spanning tree packets
  • Added rtl8187 patch for injection
  • Other bug fixes

Version 0.6.2 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.6.1) – Released 1 October 2006:

  • aireplay-ng: Applied patch to inject packets with an ipw2200
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed: show_wpa_stats() 1 byte array overflow
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed a warning when compiling on 64bit inner_bruteforcer_thread()
  • aircrack-ng: Changed -d option. It’s now a mask (use XX for unknown bytes).
  • arpforge-ng: removed. It’s replaced by packetforge-ng
  • packetforge-ng: New tool to forge packets (by Martin Beck) + manpage written
  • aircrack-ng, aireplay-ng, packetforge-ng: new MAC decoding function
  • airmon-ng: Fixed a bug when using it with madwifi-ng
  • airmon-ng: Added ipw3945 detection
  • airodump-ng (windows): now automatically download peek.dll and peek5.sys if needed
  • airodump-ng: LLC null packets are skipped
  • makeivs: added manpage
  • Makefile: Fixed: make aircrack-ng-opt-prof_gen fails
  • updated madwifi-ng patch

Version 0.6.1 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.6) – Released 27 August 2006:

  • aircrack-ng: Fixed missing ‘-s’ option
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed: Show a different ASCII key for a same hex key
  • airodump-ng: Using –band option instead of –bg, –abg, –ab, …
  • airodump-ng: Fixed: fails to put wlanng in monitor mode
  • airodump-ng: using rtap0 as interface should now work
  • airodump-ng and aireplay-ng: “Can’t find wireless tools, exiting.” should be fixed if they exist
  • airodump-ng and airmon-ng: rt2570 now uses prismheader (use at least beta 2 driver)
  • airmon-ng: Fixed: discards ipw2200 v1.1.x
  • airmon-ng: Fixed: show newly created madwifi-ng VAP
  • airmon-ng: Should now works with ‘ash’ shell (Zaurus, OpenWRT, …)
  • INSTALL: Added a note about warnings when compiling sources
  • INSTALL: Added more information about installing aircrack-ng on windows
  • updated spec file
  • some other bugfixes
  • cygwin1.dll and msvcr70.dll are now included in windows package

Version 0.6 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.5) – Released 23 June 2006:

  • aircrack-ng: Multithreaded keybytes bruteforcer
  • aircrack-ng: Now bruteforce only last keybyte by default (faster than last 2KB)
  • aircrack-ng: Added option to show ASCII version of the key
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed: bug with -d option. It adds a leading “0x00” to the key
  • aireplay-ng: fixed compilaton issues on some distro
  • aireplay-ng: fixed a bug when using ‘ash’
  • aireplay-ng: You can change ring buffer size (-g option)
  • airodump-ng: Log by default only one beacon (added option to log all beacons)
  • airodump-ng: Dump prefix isn’t mandatory anymore, not giving it won’t store any data
  • airmon-ng: Ralink devices needs be put in ad-hoc prior to inject packets
  • manpages: Added kstat manpage
  • manpages: fixed airodump-ng manpage (hyphen used as minus sign)
  • Makefile: You can now compile aircrack-ng with Intel C Compiler (really faster)
  • Updated madwifi-ng patch to r1545 (and up; can be applied on madwifi v0.9.0 and v0.9.1)
  • Added instructions to compile on different plateforms/OS
  • Added a WPA2 capture file in test directory
  • Some other fixes

Version 0.5 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.4.4) – Released 05 may 2006:

  • airodump-ng: Hop on 2.4Ghz channels by default
  • airodump-ng: Added support for OpenWrt devices (use prism0 as capture interface)
  • aircrack-ng and aireplay-ng: korek chopchop optimisation (Thanks to ASPj)
  • airodump-ng: Fixed: when starting, it captured data on channel 10
  • aircrack-ng: Fixed: Not using all CPU on SMP systems

Version 0.4.4 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.4.3) – Released 24 april 2006:

  • aircrack-ng: fixed a stupid bug that prevent cracking
  • sha1-mmx.S: GNU_STACK ELF marking
  • updated patch for madwifi-ng r1526 and upper

Version 0.4.3 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.4.2) – Released 24 april 2006:

  • airmon-ng: fixed madwifi-ng (VAP creation-destruction and a cosmetic fix)
  • aircrack-ng: fixed compilation under OSX
  • airodump-ng: added elapsed time
  • Makefile : added a MacOSX makefile (Makefile.osx)
  • updated patch for madwifi-ng r1520 and upper

Version 0.4.2 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.4.1) – Released 20 april 2006:

  • airodump-ng: Fixed: dumpfile prefix took the name of the second argument
  • airodump-ng: Fixed: .gps file creation if GPSd isn’t used
  • version.c removed (the content was moved to common.c)

Version 0.4.1 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.4) – Released 19 april 2006:

  • airodump-ng: use of parameters like aircrack-ng, aireplay-ng, …
  • airodump-ng: more sanity checks
  • airodump-ng & aireplay-ng: forbid the use of ndiswrapper
  • airodump-ng & aireplay-ng: check of iwpriv existence
  • manpages: updated and fixed typos
  • Makefile: fixed “make doc”
  • airmon-ng: fixed and improved madwifi detection

Version 0.4 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.3) – Released 16 april 2006:

  • Typos fixed and cosmetic changes in sources and in manpages
  • manpages: updated airodump-ng screenshot
  • manpages and aireplay-ng: renamed attack names
  • airodump-ng: fixed some compile warnings
  • airodump-ng: hopping also on .11a channels if available
  • airodump-ng: fixed: GPS coordinates were never shown
  • airmon-ng: fixed ipw2100 (Thx to OverThere) and madwifi-ng detection
  • aircrack-ng: speed optimizations
  • aircrack-ng: -x option disable last 2 keybytes bruteforce (WEP cracking is faster)
  • aircrack-ng: with -a option, you can use “wep” or “wpa” instead of numbers
  • ivstools: –merge option fixed
  • Makefiles: improvements
  • Lots of little changes
  • added aircrack-ng.spec for building RPM
  • added slack-desc for building slackware packages

Version 0.3 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.2.1) – Released 30 march 2006:

  • aireplay-ng: typo fixed
  • aireplay-ng: Madwifi-ng is now supported
  • airodump-ng: disabled GPS coordinates if connection to gpsd fail
  • airodump-ng: Battery information fixed (hacked kismet code)
  • airodump-ng: Madwifi-ng is now supported
  • aircrack-ng: corrected title (when cracking a key)
  • aircrack-ng: uses by default all CPU for cracking (Debian bug report #352877)
  • manpages: Fixed some errors (Debian bug report #356551)
  • manpages: created ivstools manpage
  • Makefiles: cleaning and improvement
  • fixed pcap2ivs bug (it wasn’t using the good MAC for bssid)
  • Merged mergeivs and pcap2ivs into ivstools
  • airmon.sh: Fixed (hopefully) detection of ipw2100 and ipw2200 (Debian bug report #340057)
  • airmon.sh: renamed to airmon-ng
  • Updated madwifi-ng patch to r1486

Version 0.2.1 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.2) – Released 20 march 2006:

  • Corrected 2 bugs in airmon.sh and changed another little thing
  • One word missing for option -j in aireplay
  • Updated madwifi-old patch to SVN r1475
  • Makefile cleaning
  • Typo corrected in pcap2ivs

Version 0.2 (changes from aircrack-ng 0.1) – Released 19 march 2006:

  • updated version number and program name
  • updated airmon.sh (added detection of acx, madwifi-ng and bcm43xx)
  • added manpages (Thanks to Adam Cecile)
  • added madwifi-ng patches
  • re-added missing drivers patches
  • added uninstall rule in makefile
  • added Sharp Zaurus binaries (Thanks to Rick Farina aka Zero_Chaos)
  • added a cygwin makefile

Version 0.1 (changes from aircrack 2.41):

  • updated windows binaries
  • compiled some files for windows
  • Separated in multiple packages

—-

for the original Aircrack Changelog


Essential Tools for Ethical Hacking


Angry IP Scanner

Angry IP Scanner is an open-source network scanner designed to quickly scan IP addresses and ports within a network range. It is widely used by network administrators, security professionals, and IT technicians to discover and manage devices on local and remote networks.

Here are the key features and functionalities of Angry IP Scanner:

  1. Cross-Platform Compatibility: Angry IP Scanner is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux, making it accessible to users across different operating systems.
  2. Fast and Lightweight: Angry IP Scanner is known for its speed and efficiency. It can quickly scan large IP address ranges and provide results in a matter of seconds.
  3. IP Range Scan: Users can specify a range of IP addresses to scan, including individual IP addresses, IP address ranges, or entire subnets.
  4. Port Scanning: Angry IP Scanner can scan for open TCP and UDP ports on target devices. Users can specify custom port ranges or choose from a list of common port presets.
  5. Hostname Resolution: Angry IP Scanner can resolve hostnames for discovered IP addresses, providing additional context and information about network devices.
  6. MAC Address Detection: Angry IP Scanner can detect and display the MAC (Media Access Control) addresses of discovered devices, helping users identify specific hardware manufacturers or devices.
  7. Exportable Results: Users can export scan results to various formats, including CSV, TXT, XML, or IP-Port list. This allows for further analysis and reporting of scan findings.
  8. Customizable Options: Angry IP Scanner offers various customizable options and settings, such as scan timeout, parallel scanning threads, display filters, and output formatting.
  9. Command-Line Interface (CLI): In addition to the graphical user interface (GUI), Angry IP Scanner provides a command-line interface (CLI) for users who prefer working with text-based commands.
  10. Open-Source: Angry IP Scanner is an open-source project, which means its source code is freely available for inspection, modification, and redistribution. This allows users to contribute to the development of the tool and customize it according to their needs.

Overall, Angry IP Scanner is a simple yet powerful network scanning tool that provides essential functionality for discovering and managing devices on local and remote networks. Its speed, cross-platform compatibility, and ease of use make it a popular choice among network administrators and IT professionals for network reconnaissance and troubleshooting tasks.

Angry IP Scanner is a fast and user-friendly tool for scanning IP addresses and ports. It is open-source and multi-platform, making it versatile for various uses without requiring installation. This tool pings each IP address to verify its status, with options for hostname resolution, MAC address identification, and port scanning. Additional features include NetBIOS information retrieval, favorite IP range settings, web server detection, and customizable extensions. Export options include CSV, TXT, XML, and IP-Port lists, with plugin support for enhanced capabilities. The scanning process is optimized through a multithreaded approach, allowing simultaneous scans of multiple IPs. Source code is accessible via the download page.

Angry IP Scanner Features:

  • Scans local and internet networks
  • Free and open-source
  • Supports various export formats
  • Extensible with plugins
  • Command-line interface available
  • Compatible with Windows, Mac, and Linux
  • Installation not required

Download link: http://angryip.org/download/#windows

How to Use Angry IP Scanner Videos


Essential Tools for Ethical Hacking – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024


GFI LanGuard

GFI LanGuard is a comprehensive network security scanner and patch management solution developed by GFI Software. It is designed to help organizations proactively manage their network security by identifying vulnerabilities, assessing the security posture of networked devices, and applying security patches and updates to mitigate potential risks.

Here are some key features and functionalities of GFI LanGuard:

  1. Vulnerability Scanning: GFI LanGuard performs automated vulnerability scans of networked devices, including servers, workstations, laptops, virtual machines, and mobile devices. It identifies security vulnerabilities, misconfigurations, and weaknesses in operating systems, applications, and network services.
  2. Patch Management: GFI LanGuard provides patch management capabilities for deploying security patches, updates, and hotfixes to vulnerable devices across the network. It automates the patching process by downloading, testing, and deploying patches to ensure that devices are protected against known vulnerabilities.
  3. Network Discovery: GFI LanGuard automatically discovers and inventories network devices, including hardware assets, software installations, and configurations. It scans the network to identify all connected devices and provides detailed information about their operating systems, applications, and installed patches.
  4. Asset Management: GFI LanGuard includes asset management features for tracking and managing IT assets throughout their lifecycle. It provides insights into hardware and software inventory, license compliance, warranty status, and end-of-life information for networked devices.
  5. Compliance Auditing: GFI LanGuard helps organizations comply with regulatory requirements and industry standards by performing compliance audits and assessments. It provides predefined templates and checks for common regulations and standards, such as PCI DSS, HIPAA, GDPR, and CIS benchmarks.
  6. Remediation Workflow: GFI LanGuard offers remediation workflow capabilities for prioritizing and addressing identified security vulnerabilities. It categorizes vulnerabilities based on severity levels and provides recommendations for remediation actions, such as applying patches, disabling vulnerable services, or updating configurations.
  7. Reporting and Analysis: GFI LanGuard generates detailed reports summarizing scan findings, patch status, compliance status, and remediation activities. Reports can be customized, scheduled, and exported in various formats for analysis, documentation, and compliance reporting purposes.
  8. Integration with SIEM and ITSM Tools: GFI LanGuard integrates with Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) and IT Service Management (ITSM) tools to enhance visibility, collaboration, and automation in security and IT operations workflows. It supports integration with popular SIEM platforms, ticketing systems, and IT asset management solutions.

Overall, GFI LanGuard is a powerful and scalable network security scanner and patch management solution that helps organizations improve their security posture, reduce risk exposure, and maintain compliance with regulatory requirements. It provides a centralized platform for vulnerability management, patch deployment, asset tracking, and compliance auditing, making it an essential tool for IT security and operations teams.

GFI LanGuard serves as a network security scanner, acting as a virtual security consultant. It enables comprehensive asset inventory across your network. GFI LanGuard provides a detailed view of your network, helping identify vulnerabilities and enforce security measures.

GFI LanGuard Features:

  • Automated network discovery for comprehensive visibility
  • Scan for missing patches across various platforms
  • Identify vulnerabilities and compliance issues
  • Patch management and network analysis
  • Centralized vulnerability scanning and threat detection
  • Helps maintain secure and compliant networks

Download link: https://www.gfi.com/products-and-solutions/network-security-solutions/gfi-languard/download

How to Use GFI LanGuard Videos


Essential Tools for Ethical Hacking – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024


Savvius

Savvius is a network performance and security monitoring company that provides a range of solutions for analyzing and troubleshooting network traffic. It offers network packet capture and analysis tools, network performance monitoring solutions, and network security appliances designed to help organizations monitor, optimize, and secure their networks.

Here are some key products and offerings from Savvius:

  1. Omnipliance: Omnipliance is a series of network packet capture appliances offered by Savvius. These appliances are designed to capture, store, and analyze network traffic in real-time. They support high-speed packet capture at multi-gigabit speeds and provide deep packet inspection capabilities for in-depth network analysis.
  2. Omnipeek: Omnipeek is a network analysis software offered by Savvius. It provides advanced packet analysis capabilities for troubleshooting network performance issues, diagnosing network problems, and investigating security incidents. Omnipeek supports real-time packet capture, protocol analysis, application performance monitoring, and customizable dashboards for visualizing network traffic.
  3. Vigil: Vigil is a network security monitoring solution offered by Savvius. It provides continuous monitoring of network traffic to detect and respond to security threats, including malware, data breaches, insider threats, and suspicious activities. Vigil combines advanced threat detection algorithms with machine learning and behavioral analytics to identify and prioritize security incidents.
  4. Insight: Insight is a network performance monitoring solution offered by Savvius. It provides visibility into network performance metrics, including bandwidth utilization, packet loss, latency, and application response times. Insight helps organizations optimize their network infrastructure, improve application performance, and ensure a positive user experience.
  5. Savvius Cloud: Savvius Cloud is a cloud-based network monitoring and analysis platform offered by Savvius. It provides centralized management and analysis of network traffic captured from distributed locations, remote offices, and cloud environments. Savvius Cloud offers scalable storage, advanced analytics, and collaboration features for distributed teams.
  6. Security Intelligence Center (SIC): The Security Intelligence Center (SIC) is a threat intelligence platform offered by Savvius. It aggregates and correlates security events, alerts, and logs from multiple sources, including network devices, security appliances, and endpoint agents. SIC provides real-time threat detection, incident response, and forensics capabilities to help organizations defend against cyber threats.

Overall, Savvius offers a comprehensive suite of network monitoring and analysis solutions designed to help organizations improve network performance, ensure network security, and respond to security incidents effectively. Its products provide deep visibility into network traffic, advanced analytics, and actionable insights for optimizing and securing modern network infrastructures.

Now part of LiveAction, Savvius offers tools for ethical hacking, focusing on identifying network performance issues and security risks. With Omnipeek, deep visibility into network traffic is achieved, aiding in faster and more effective network diagnostics.

Savvius Features:

  • Advanced network forensics software
  • Automated data capture for security analysis
  • Integrated appliance solutions
  • Comprehensive packet intelligence
  • Intuitive workflow for ease of use
  • Expert technical support
  • Onsite deployment options

Download link: https://www.liveaction.com/products/omnipeek-network-protocol-analyzer/

How to Use Savvius Videos



QualysGuard

Qualys is a leading provider of cloud-based security and compliance solutions for organizations of all sizes. The company offers a wide range of products and services designed to help businesses identify security vulnerabilities, assess their compliance with industry standards and regulations, and improve their overall security posture.

Here are some key offerings from Qualys:

  1. Vulnerability Management: Qualys Vulnerability Management (VM) is a cloud-based solution that enables organizations to identify, prioritize, and remediate security vulnerabilities across their IT infrastructure. It provides continuous scanning of assets, asset discovery, vulnerability assessment, and automated remediation workflows to help organizations stay protected against emerging threats.
  2. Continuous Monitoring: Qualys Continuous Monitoring (CM) provides real-time visibility into security and compliance posture across on-premises, cloud, and hybrid environments. It monitors network assets, configurations, and security controls to detect deviations from security policies, compliance violations, and potential security threats.
  3. Policy Compliance: Qualys Policy Compliance (PC) helps organizations assess their compliance with internal security policies, industry regulations, and international standards such as PCI DSS, HIPAA, GDPR, and NIST. It provides predefined policy templates, automated scans, and detailed reports to ensure adherence to security best practices and regulatory requirements.
  4. File Integrity Monitoring: Qualys File Integrity Monitoring (FIM) monitors changes to critical files and configurations on servers and endpoints to detect unauthorized modifications, malware infections, and insider threats. It provides real-time alerts, audit trails, and forensic analysis capabilities to help organizations protect sensitive data and maintain regulatory compliance.
  5. Security Configuration Assessment: Qualys Security Configuration Assessment (SCA) scans network devices, servers, and endpoints to identify misconfigurations, security weaknesses, and compliance violations. It helps organizations enforce security policies, harden their IT infrastructure, and reduce the attack surface against cyber threats.
  6. Web Application Security: Qualys Web Application Scanning (WAS) is a cloud-based solution for identifying and mitigating security vulnerabilities in web applications. It performs automated scans of web applications, APIs, and web services to detect common vulnerabilities such as SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and security misconfigurations.
  7. Container Security: Qualys Container Security (CS) provides visibility and security for containerized environments, including Docker, Kubernetes, and Amazon ECS. It helps organizations assess the security posture of container images, runtime environments, and orchestration platforms to identify and remediate vulnerabilities and compliance issues.
  8. Threat Protection: Qualys Threat Protection (TP) integrates with threat intelligence feeds and security information and event management (SIEM) systems to provide real-time threat detection, incident response, and forensic analysis capabilities. It correlates security events, alerts, and indicators of compromise (IOCs) to help organizations detect and respond to cyber threats effectively.

Overall, Qualys offers a comprehensive suite of cloud-based security and compliance solutions designed to help organizations protect their digital assets, secure their IT infrastructure, and comply with regulatory requirements. Its scalable and integrated platform provides continuous visibility, automated assessment, and actionable insights to address evolving cybersecurity challenges.

Qualys Guard assists businesses in integrating security and compliance into their digital transformation efforts. This tool excels in evaluating the vulnerability of cloud-based services as well.

Qualys Guard Features:

  • Global trust and scalability
  • No hardware requirements
  • Comprehensive IT security solution
  • Continuous visibility with cloud agents
  • Real-time data analysis
  • Immediate threat response capabilities

Download link: https://www.qualys.com/forms/freescan/

How to Use Qualys Guard Videos


Essential Tools for Ethical Hacking – Top Tools for Ethical hacking in 2024


WebInspect

HP WebInspect, now known as Micro Focus WebInspect, is an automated web application security testing tool developed by Micro Focus. It is designed to help organizations identify and remediate security vulnerabilities in web applications by scanning them for common security flaws and weaknesses.

Here are some key features and functionalities of HP WebInspect:

  1. Dynamic Application Security Testing (DAST): HP WebInspect performs dynamic analysis of web applications by simulating attacks and analyzing responses to identify security vulnerabilities. It crawls through the application, maps out its structure, and tests for vulnerabilities in various components, including URLs, parameters, forms, cookies, and headers.
  2. Comprehensive Vulnerability Scanning: HP WebInspect scans web applications for a wide range of security vulnerabilities, including SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), command injection, directory traversal, insecure object references, security misconfigurations, and more. It covers vulnerabilities listed in OWASP Top 10 and other industry standards.
  3. Automated Scanning and Analysis: HP WebInspect automates the process of vulnerability scanning and analysis, allowing organizations to quickly identify security flaws in their web applications without manual intervention. It provides detailed reports with findings, severity levels, impacted URLs, and remediation recommendations to help prioritize and address vulnerabilities.
  4. Advanced Attack Simulation: HP WebInspect simulates real-world attack scenarios to identify complex security vulnerabilities that may be missed by traditional scanning techniques. It performs sophisticated attacks, such as parameter tampering, session manipulation, authentication bypass, and input validation bypass, to uncover hidden vulnerabilities.
  5. Customizable Scanning Policies: HP WebInspect allows users to customize scanning policies and configurations to tailor the scanning process to their specific needs and requirements. Users can define scan scopes, exclude specific URLs or parameters, adjust scanning intensity, and configure authentication credentials for restricted areas.
  6. Integration with Development Workflows: HP WebInspect integrates with software development lifecycle (SDLC) tools, issue trackers, and development environments to streamline the vulnerability management process. It provides APIs, plugins, and automation capabilities for integrating with continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines and DevSecOps workflows.
  7. Remediation Workflow Integration: HP WebInspect integrates with vulnerability management and ticketing systems to facilitate remediation of identified security vulnerabilities. It provides workflows for tracking, prioritizing, assigning, and resolving vulnerabilities, allowing organizations to efficiently manage their security posture and compliance requirements.
  8. Scalability and Performance: HP WebInspect is designed for scalability and performance, with support for scanning large and complex web applications and environments. It can efficiently handle high volumes of web traffic, scan multiple web applications simultaneously, and scale to meet the needs of enterprise-level deployments.

Overall, HP WebInspect is a powerful and comprehensive web application security testing tool used by organizations to assess and improve the security of their web applications. It helps identify security vulnerabilities, mitigate security risks, and ensure the integrity and confidentiality of sensitive information.

WebInspect offers automated dynamic application security testing, enabling the execution of ethical hacking techniques to identify vulnerabilities within web applications and services.

WebInspect Features:

  • Tests the dynamic behavior of web applications to identify vulnerabilities
  • Provides comprehensive scanning capabilities and centralized management
  • Supports advanced technologies for thorough testing
  • Integrates with DevOps for continuous security assessment

Download link: https://saas.hpe.com/en-us/software/webinspect

How to Use HP WebInspect Videos



Hashcat

Hashcat is an open-source password recovery tool used to crack hashed passwords through brute-force attacks, dictionary attacks, and rule-based attacks. It is widely used by security professionals, penetration testers, and enthusiasts to recover lost or forgotten passwords, assess the strength of password hashing algorithms, and test the security of authentication systems.

Here are the key features and functionalities of Hashcat:

  1. Hash Cracking: Hashcat supports cracking a wide range of cryptographic hash functions, including MD5, SHA1, SHA256, SHA512, NTLM, bcrypt, and many others. It can handle hashes obtained from various sources, such as password databases, authentication protocols, and encryption algorithms.
  2. Brute-Force Attack: Hashcat can perform brute-force attacks to systematically generate and test all possible combinations of characters to recover passwords. It allows users to specify custom character sets, password lengths, and attack modes to optimize the cracking process.
  3. Dictionary Attack: Hashcat supports dictionary attacks, where it compares hashed passwords against a list of words, phrases, and common passwords stored in a dictionary file. Users can create custom wordlists or use existing wordlists available online to perform dictionary-based cracking.
  4. Rule-Based Attack: Hashcat includes support for rule-based attacks, also known as hybrid attacks, where users can apply custom transformation rules to dictionary words to generate variations and permutations. Rules can include modifications such as appending/prepending characters, changing case, or applying leetspeak substitutions.
  5. Mask Attack: Hashcat offers a mask attack mode, where users can specify a pattern or template representing the possible characters and positions of the password. This allows for targeted and efficient brute-force cracking by reducing the search space to a specific set of characters and positions.
  6. Parallel Processing: Hashcat leverages the processing power of modern GPUs (Graphics Processing Units) and CPUs (Central Processing Units) to accelerate password cracking operations. It supports parallel processing and distributed computing, allowing multiple devices to work together to increase cracking speed and efficiency.
  7. Performance Optimization: Hashcat includes optimizations and tuning options to maximize cracking performance on different hardware configurations and platforms. It provides support for hardware acceleration, optimized algorithms, and multi-threading to achieve faster cracking speeds.
  8. Hashfile Formats: Hashcat supports various hashfile formats, including raw hashes, hashlists, and hashcat-specific formats. It can read hashes from text files, database dumps, and other sources, allowing users to crack passwords obtained from different systems and applications.

Overall, Hashcat is a powerful and versatile password recovery tool used for cracking hashed passwords, assessing password security, and testing the strength of authentication mechanisms. It provides a wide range of attack modes, customization options, and performance optimizations to help users recover passwords efficiently and effectively. However, it’s important to use Hashcat responsibly and ethically, respecting legal and ethical boundaries and obtaining proper authorization before attempting to crack passwords.

Hashcat is renowned for its password recovery capabilities, using a variety of techniques to efficiently crack hashed passwords.

Hashcat Features:

  • Supports multiple platforms and hash types
  • Utilizes GPU resources for faster cracking
  • Features distributed cracking networks
  • Interactive pause/resume and session management

Download link: https://hashcat.net/hashcat/

How to Use Hashcat Videos



L0phtCrack

L0phtCrack 7, now known simply as L0phtCrack, is a password auditing and recovery tool developed by L0pht Holdings LLC. It is designed to help security professionals, system administrators, and auditors assess the strength of user passwords and recover lost or forgotten passwords stored in Windows operating systems and Active Directory environments.

Here are some key features and functionalities of L0phtCrack 7:

  1. Password Cracking: L0phtCrack uses various cracking techniques, including brute-force attacks, dictionary attacks, and hybrid attacks, to recover passwords stored in hashed form. It supports cracking passwords encrypted using common hashing algorithms such as LM (LAN Manager), NTLM (NT LAN Manager), MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, and others.
  2. Audit Policies: L0phtCrack allows users to define audit policies and password complexity requirements based on organizational security policies and compliance standards. Users can specify minimum password length, character sets, complexity rules, and other criteria for evaluating password strength.
  3. Password Import: L0phtCrack can import hashed password data from various sources, including SAM (Security Accounts Manager) databases, NTDS.dit files, Active Directory domain controllers, local user accounts, and password hashes extracted from memory dumps or network traffic captures.
  4. Password Analysis: L0phtCrack provides detailed password analysis and reporting capabilities, including password strength metrics, cracked passwords, weak passwords, and password policy violations. It generates comprehensive reports with findings, recommendations, and remediation steps for improving password security.
  5. Crack Scheduler: L0phtCrack includes a crack scheduler feature that allows users to schedule password cracking jobs to run at specific times or intervals. This enables automated and unattended password auditing, allowing organizations to regularly assess and update their password security posture.
  6. Performance Optimization: L0phtCrack is optimized for performance and scalability, with support for multi-threading, distributed computing, and GPU acceleration. It leverages the processing power of modern hardware, including CPUs and GPUs, to accelerate password cracking operations and achieve faster results.
  7. Password Policy Simulation: L0phtCrack can simulate the enforcement of password policies and assess the impact of policy changes on password security. It provides feedback on the effectiveness of password policies and helps organizations fine-tune their policies to balance security requirements with user convenience.
  8. Integration with Active Directory: L0phtCrack integrates with Active Directory environments, allowing users to perform centralized password auditing and management across multiple domains and organizational units. It supports integration with domain controllers, LDAP directories, and Windows authentication mechanisms.

Overall, L0phtCrack is a powerful and comprehensive password auditing tool used by organizations to assess and improve password security. It provides a wide range of features, customization options, and performance optimizations to help organizations identify weak passwords, enforce password policies, and mitigate the risk of password-related security breaches. However, it’s important to use L0phtCrack responsibly and ethically, respecting legal and ethical boundaries and obtaining proper authorization before auditing passwords.

L0phtCrack 7, now under Terahash, is a premier tool for password audit and recovery, offering a broad range of capabilities to address password security.

L0phtCrack 7 Features:

  • Supports multiple cores and GPUs for efficient auditing
  • User-friendly customization options
  • Automates password auditing tasks
  • Facilitates compliance with password policies

Download link: http://www.l0phtcrack.com/#download-form

How to Use L0phtCrack 7 Videos



Rainbow Crack

RainbowCrack is a password cracking method and tool used to crack password hashes through precomputed tables known as rainbow tables. Developed by Philippe Oechslin, rainbow tables are a form of lookup tables that enable the rapid cracking of password hashes by mapping hashed passwords to their plaintext equivalents.

Here’s how the RainbowCrack method works:

  1. Precomputation Phase: During the precomputation phase, RainbowCrack generates a set of rainbow tables by hashing a large number of common passwords using various cryptographic hash functions, such as MD5, SHA-1, or NTLM. These hashed passwords are stored in the rainbow tables along with their corresponding plaintext passwords.
  2. Reduction Function: RainbowCrack uses a reduction function to reduce the size of the hash space and generate chains of hash values. This reduction function maps the hash of a password to another password, which is then hashed again to produce a new hash value. This process is repeated multiple times to create chains of hash values.
  3. Table Lookup: When attempting to crack a hashed password, RainbowCrack looks up the hash value in its precomputed rainbow tables to find a matching plaintext password. If a match is found, RainbowCrack returns the corresponding plaintext password as the cracked password. If no match is found, RainbowCrack continues to search through the tables until all possibilities are exhausted.

RainbowCrack is particularly effective for cracking hashed passwords that use weak or common passwords, as well as passwords hashed using cryptographic hash functions with relatively small hash spaces. However, rainbow tables can be large and require significant storage space, and the precomputation process can be time-consuming. Additionally, RainbowCrack is less effective against complex and randomly generated passwords, as these are less likely to be included in precomputed rainbow tables.

Overall, RainbowCrack is a powerful and widely used password cracking tool for recovering passwords from hashed values. It can be an effective tool for security professionals and penetration testers to assess the strength of password hashing algorithms and improve overall password security. However, it’s important to use RainbowCrack responsibly and ethically, respecting legal and ethical boundaries and obtaining proper authorization before attempting to crack passwords.

RainbowCrack utilizes time-memory tradeoff algorithm to efficiently crack hashes by using precomputed rainbow tables.

RainbowCrack Features:

  • Implements time-memory trade-off for faster hash cracking
  • Supports multiple hash algorithms and charsets
  • GPU acceleration for enhanced performance
  • Available for Windows and Linux platforms

Download link: http://project-rainbowcrack.com/index.htm

How to Use RainbowCrack Videos



IKECrack

IKECrack is a command-line tool used for cracking passwords from IKE (Internet Key Exchange) authentication protocols, particularly IKEv1 and IKEv2. These protocols are used in Virtual Private Network (VPN) connections for establishing secure communication channels between network devices. IKECrack specifically targets the preshared key (PSK) authentication method used in IKE protocols to authenticate VPN connections.

Here’s how IKECrack works:

  1. Packet Capture: IKECrack begins by capturing network traffic containing IKE packets exchanged between VPN peers during the authentication process. This packet capture can be obtained by sniffing network traffic using tools like Wireshark or tcpdump.
  2. PSK Recovery: IKECrack analyzes the captured IKE packets to extract the encrypted preshared keys (PSKs) exchanged between VPN peers. These PSKs are typically encrypted using cryptographic algorithms such as HMAC-SHA1 or HMAC-SHA256.
  3. Dictionary Attack: IKECrack performs a dictionary attack using a list of potential passwords or passphrases against the captured PSKs. It systematically tries each password from the dictionary list and encrypts it using the same cryptographic algorithm used in the captured PSKs.
  4. Comparison and Verification: IKECrack compares the encrypted passwords generated during the dictionary attack with the encrypted PSKs extracted from the captured IKE packets. If a match is found, IKECrack identifies the plaintext password corresponding to the encrypted PSK, successfully cracking the VPN preshared key.

IKECrack is primarily used by security professionals, penetration testers, and network administrators to audit the security of VPN implementations and assess the strength of preshared keys used for IKE authentication. It can help identify weak or easily guessable passwords and vulnerabilities in VPN configurations that may compromise the security of network communications.

However, it’s important to note that using IKECrack to crack passwords without proper authorization may violate privacy and security laws, as well as ethical guidelines. Therefore, it should only be used for legitimate security testing purposes with appropriate authorization and consent from the network owner.

IKECrack is an open source authentication crack tool designed for IKE/IPSec authentication analysis using brute-force or dictionary attacks.

IKECrack Features:

  • Focuses on IKE/IPSec authentication mechanisms
  • Supports brute-force and dictionary attacks
  • Freely available for personal and commercial use

Download link: http://ikecrack.sourceforge.net/

How to Use IKECrack Videos



IronWASP

IronWASP (Iron Web Application Advanced Security testing Platform) is an open-source web security testing platform designed for web application vulnerability assessment and penetration testing. It is developed and maintained by IronWASP Security Software.

Here are some key features and functionalities of IronWASP:

  1. Scanning and Testing: IronWASP provides automated scanning and testing capabilities to identify security vulnerabilities in web applications. It supports various types of security testing, including black-box testing, white-box testing, and grey-box testing.
  2. Vulnerability Detection: IronWASP can detect a wide range of web application vulnerabilities, including SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), command injection, directory traversal, insecure file uploads, insecure direct object references (IDOR), and more.
  3. OWASP Top 10: IronWASP helps organizations address the OWASP Top 10 most critical web application security risks by identifying and remediating vulnerabilities that could lead to data breaches, unauthorized access, and other security incidents.
  4. Customizable Scans: IronWASP allows users to customize scan configurations, policies, and testing parameters to tailor the scanning process to their specific requirements. Users can define scan scopes, exclude certain URLs or parameters, adjust scanning intensity, and configure authentication credentials for authenticated testing.
  5. Reporting and Analysis: IronWASP generates detailed reports summarizing scan findings, vulnerability details, severity levels, impacted URLs, and remediation recommendations. Reports can be customized, exported in various formats (e.g., PDF, HTML), and shared with stakeholders for further analysis and action.
  6. Integration with Development Workflows: IronWASP integrates with software development lifecycle (SDLC) tools, issue trackers, and development environments to streamline the vulnerability management process. It provides APIs, plugins, and automation capabilities for integrating with continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD) pipelines and DevSecOps workflows.
  7. Cross-Platform Compatibility: IronWASP is available for Windows, Linux, and macOS platforms, making it accessible to users across different operating systems and environments.
  8. Active Community and Support: IronWASP has an active community of users, contributors, and developers who provide support, share knowledge, and contribute to the ongoing development and improvement of the platform.

Overall, IronWASP is a powerful and comprehensive web security testing platform used by security professionals, penetration testers, and organizations to assess and improve the security of their web applications. It provides a wide range of features, customization options, and reporting capabilities to help organizations identify and mitigate web application vulnerabilities effectively.

IronWASP is an open source tool for web application vulnerability testing. It’s designed to be customizable, allowing users to create their security scanners.

Iron WASP Features:

  • User-friendly GUI for easy navigation
  • Powerful scanning engine for effective vulnerability detection
  • Supports scripting in Python, Ruby, C#, and VB.NET for extensibility
  • Includes a variety of built-in tools for comprehensive testing

Download link: http://ironwasp.org/download.html

How to Use Iron WASP Videos



Cain & Abel

Cain & Abel is a password recovery tool for Microsoft Windows developed by Massimiliano Montoro and sold by Oxid.it. It is designed to recover various kinds of passwords using methods such as network packet sniffing, dictionary attacks, brute-force attacks, and cryptanalysis attacks.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Cain & Abel:

  1. Network Sniffing: Cain & Abel can capture network traffic on a local network segment using various methods such as ARP poisoning, MAC flooding, and DHCP spoofing. It allows users to intercept and analyze passwords and authentication credentials transmitted over the network.
  2. Password Cracking: Cain & Abel supports various password cracking techniques, including dictionary attacks, brute-force attacks, and cryptanalysis attacks. It can crack passwords stored in various formats, including Windows SAM (Security Accounts Manager) database, cached credentials, wireless network keys, and other encrypted files.
  3. Supported Protocols: Cain & Abel supports a wide range of network protocols and authentication mechanisms, including HTTP, FTP, SMTP, POP3, IMAP, Telnet, SSH, RDP, VNC, SMB, LDAP, and others. It can recover passwords used for logging into websites, email accounts, FTP servers, remote desktops, and other network services.
  4. Sniffer Filters and Decoders: Cain & Abel includes advanced features for filtering and decoding captured network packets. It allows users to apply filters based on specific protocols, IP addresses, port numbers, and packet contents, as well as decode various protocols and encryption algorithms used in network communications.
  5. Wireless Password Recovery: Cain & Abel can recover wireless network keys (WEP, WPA, WPA2) by capturing and analyzing wireless traffic. It supports various wireless network adapters and can crack weak or default encryption keys used in Wi-Fi networks.
  6. Cryptanalysis Tools: Cain & Abel includes tools for performing cryptanalysis attacks on encrypted files, passwords, and data. It supports various cryptographic algorithms, including DES, MD5, SHA-1, RSA, DSA, and others, and can perform attacks such as rainbow tables, dictionary attacks, and brute-force attacks.
  7. Password Dumping: Cain & Abel can dump password hashes from Windows SAM database, cached credentials, and other sources. It allows users to extract password hashes for offline cracking and analysis, enabling the recovery of plaintext passwords from hashed values.
  8. Graphical User Interface (GUI): Cain & Abel provides a user-friendly GUI with a menu-driven interface for accessing various features and functionalities. It allows users to configure settings, customize attack parameters, and view scan results, logs, and reports.

Overall, Cain & Abel is a powerful and versatile password recovery tool used by security professionals, penetration testers, and system administrators to recover lost or forgotten passwords, audit password security, and assess the strength of authentication mechanisms used in Windows and network environments. However, it’s important to note that using Cain & Abel for unauthorized password cracking may violate privacy and security laws, as well as ethical guidelines. Therefore, it should only be used for legitimate security testing purposes with appropriate authorization and consent from the network owner.

Cain & Abel is a comprehensive password recovery tool for Microsoft Operating Systems, offering a wide array of functionalities to recover passwords and analyze network security.

Cain & Abel Features:

  • Recovery of various types of passwords including network passwords and passwords stored by common applications
  • Capable of performing network sniffing to identify vulnerable passwords
  • Supports various cryptanalysis attacks to decrypt encrypted passwords
  • Integrates with network monitoring tools for enhanced security analysis

Download link: http://www.softpedia.com/get/Security/Decrypting-Decoding/Cain-and-Abel.shtml



Nessus

Nessus is a widely used vulnerability assessment and management software developed by Tenable, Inc. It is designed to help organizations identify, assess, and remediate security vulnerabilities across their IT infrastructure, including servers, workstations, network devices, and cloud environments.

Here are some key features and functionalities of Nessus:

  1. Vulnerability Scanning: Nessus performs automated vulnerability scanning of network assets to identify security vulnerabilities, misconfigurations, and weaknesses. It scans for known vulnerabilities in operating systems, applications, network services, and protocols using a constantly updated database of vulnerability signatures.
  2. Plugin Architecture: Nessus uses a plugin-based architecture to support a wide range of vulnerability checks and security assessments. It includes thousands of pre-built plugins covering common vulnerabilities, compliance checks, configuration audits, and malware detection.
  3. Remote and Agent-based Scanning: Nessus supports both remote and agent-based scanning methods. Remote scanning involves scanning networked devices from a central server, while agent-based scanning involves deploying lightweight agents on individual devices to perform local assessments.
  4. Policy-based Scanning: Nessus allows users to define scan policies and configurations based on organizational security policies, compliance standards, and risk management requirements. Users can customize scan parameters, schedule scans, and target specific assets or asset groups.
  5. Comprehensive Vulnerability Assessment: Nessus provides detailed vulnerability assessment reports with findings, severity levels, impacted systems, and remediation recommendations. It categorizes vulnerabilities based on their severity (e.g., critical, high, medium, low) and prioritizes them for remediation.
  6. Integration with Patch Management: Nessus integrates with patch management systems and vulnerability remediation workflows to streamline the vulnerability management process. It provides actionable insights and recommendations for patching vulnerabilities, updating configurations, and mitigating security risks.
  7. Compliance Auditing: Nessus includes built-in compliance checks and auditing capabilities for assessing adherence to regulatory requirements, industry standards, and best practices. It supports compliance frameworks such as PCI DSS, HIPAA, GDPR, CIS benchmarks, and others.
  8. Scalability and Performance: Nessus is designed for scalability and performance, with support for distributed scanning, load balancing, and parallel processing. It can efficiently handle large-scale deployments and complex network environments, providing fast and accurate vulnerability assessments.
  9. Cloud-based Scanning: Nessus offers cloud-based scanning capabilities for assessing vulnerabilities in cloud infrastructure, virtualized environments, and containerized applications. It supports integrations with cloud platforms such as AWS, Azure, Google Cloud, and Kubernetes.
  10. APIs and Integration: Nessus provides APIs and integration capabilities for integrating with security information and event management (SIEM) systems, ticketing systems, orchestration platforms, and other third-party tools. It allows for automated data exchange, workflow orchestration, and remediation actions.

Overall, Nessus is a comprehensive vulnerability assessment solution used by organizations to proactively manage their security posture, reduce risk exposure, and protect against cyber threats. Its robust feature set, scalability, and flexibility make it a valuable tool for security teams, compliance officers, and IT professionals tasked with safeguarding critical assets and infrastructure.

Nessus is one of the most widely recognized vulnerability scanning tools, offering comprehensive scanning capabilities to identify security vulnerabilities in various environments.

Nessus Features:

  • Extensive vulnerability scanning for various platforms and applications
  • Configuration and compliance checks
  • Detailed reporting for vulnerability assessment and remediation planning
  • Supports custom scan policies for targeted security testing

Download link: https://www.tenable.com/products/nessus/nessus-professional


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About the Author: Bernard Aybout

In the land of bytes and bits, a father of three sits, With a heart for tech and coding kits, in IT he never quits. At Magna's door, he took his stance, in Canada's wide expanse, At Karmax Heavy Stamping - Cosma's dance, he gave his career a chance. With a passion deep for teaching code, to the young minds he showed, The path where digital seeds are sowed, in critical thinking mode. But alas, not all was bright and fair, at Magna's lair, oh despair, Harassment, intimidation, a chilling air, made the workplace hard to bear. Management's maze and morale's dip, made our hero's spirit flip, In a demoralizing grip, his well-being began to slip. So he bid adieu to Magna's scene, from the division not so serene, Yet in tech, his interest keen, continues to inspire and convene.