Microsoft Research Chief Lost ‘A Couple Weeks of Sleep’ Over ChatGPT-4 – The head of research at Microsoft and his colleagues understand that chatbots will be used by medical professionals, as well as by patients, in higher frequencies than you know.
Peter Lee could be in need of some rest.
Microsoft’s (MSFT) – Get Free Report head of research has been missing out on some shuteye after spending time with OpenAI’s GPT-4, the AI-powered tool that simulates human conversation.
The software giant has invested more than $10 billion in the startup and Lee has invested a lot of time with GPT4.
“I lost a couple weeks of sleep,” Lee during a March 27 lecture at the University of Washington, according to GeekWire. “It was very intense.”
Lee is tasked with assessing the implications of the tool for medicine. He believes it could increase efficiency and even empathy in the healthcare system, as well as boost biomedical research.
GPT-4 has “amazing capabilities” Lee said during his lecture. And “ends up being a really potentially useful tool” for medicine.
Notes to Patients – Microsoft Research Chief Lost ‘A Couple Weeks of Sleep’ Over ChatGPT-4
GPT-4, which was launched on March 13, is the latest language model of ChatGPT, a chatbot that responds to queries by giving human-like responses.
The chatbot can solve complex mathematical equations, write a poem, write a book, suggest cooking recipes, and more. GPT-4 is supposedly bigger, faster, and more accurate than ChatGPT.
OpenAi said that while GPT-4 is less capable than humans in many real-world scenarios, it “exhibits human-level performance on various professional and academic benchmarks,” including passing a simulated bar exam with a score around the top 10% of test takers.
GPT-4 is a “multimodal” tool, so it can produce content in response to both image and text commands.
In article in the New England Journal of Medicine, Lee and his colleagues said GPT-4 “can write computer programs for processing and visualizing data, translate foreign languages, decipher explanation-of-benefits notices and laboratory tests for readers unfamiliar with the language used in each, and, perhaps controversially, write emotionally supportive notes to patients.”
“Although we admit our bias as employees of the entities that created GPT-4, we predict that chatbots will be used by medical professionals, as well as by patients, with increasing frequency,” the article said.
Even More Powerful AI Systems Coming – Microsoft Research Chief Lost ‘A Couple Weeks of Sleep’ Over ChatGPT-4
Lee and his colleagues concluded the article by speculating that “GPT-4 will soon be followed by even more powerful and capable AI systems a series of increasingly powerful and generally intelligent machines.“
“These machines are tools, and like all tools, they can be used for good but have the potential to cause harm,” the article said. “If used carefully and with an appropriate degree of caution, these evolving tools have the potential to help health care providers give the best care possible.”
Many people have expressed concern about the rapid spread and spooky possibilities of AI.
Elon Musk, Tesla co-founder Steve Wozniak were among the more than 1,100 signatories of an open letter calling for a six-month moratorium on the development of advanced A.I. systems.
The letter calls on technology companies to cease training A.I. systems that would be more powerful than GPT-4.
Musk does not like to see Microsoft turning the efforts of OpenAI, a startup in which he was an early investor, into a big source of revenue and profit.
For the billionaire, the startup had to remain a non-profit on which most people, companies and researchers, interested in AI, will need as a reliance.
Doctors often spend hours each day writing up their encounters with patients. GPT-4 could help end that, according to Lee. The tool is capable of summarizing medical encounters in a variety of formats, with billing codes attached, said Lee. Microsoft subsidiary Nuance is already incorporating GPT-4 into a medical note-taking system trained on medical data, and will preview the application this summer.
Google, which recently released its AI-powered chatbot Bard, has similarly built a tool to summarize patients’ medical conditions.
Other potential use cases for GPT-4 include generating orders for lab tests and prescriptions and filling out text for prior authorization requests.
Large language models like GPT-4 “are on the verge of solving some long-standing problems in medical documentation,” said Lee during his talk. A lot of companies will likely leverage GPT-4 to build tools for such purposes, he added.
The GPT-4 chatbot is also adept at suggesting language to provide patients comfort and support. “It’s able to imagine these situations of what it’s like to be in an exam room,” said Lee during his talk. “You see signs of an understanding of how the world works.”
Chat GPT-4 may also help physicians make differential diagnoses, listing possible conditions that match symptoms and ranking them, said Lee. He sees physicians using the tool in the way they bounce ideas off of colleagues.
Health data is siloed in different formats and in different systems, stymying patients and clinicians who want access to clinical records and researchers who want to study them. GPT-4 can help support format conversion, said Lee.
Scientists are beginning to use large language models to help write scientific papers. “Some of the best interactions I’ve had is when I’ve asked GPT-4 to read a medical research paper and then have a conversation about it,” said Lee in his talk.
Microsoft’s new Bing new search engine is linked to GPT-4 and will provide summaries in response to scientific queries. Bing hallucinates fewer unrelated scientific references than the standalone chatbot, which is cut off from the internet, said Lee.
Consensus, a startup that provides accessible summaries of scientific research, has already added GPT-4 onto its offerings. And Microsoft recently released a demo version of BioGPT, a large language model trained on research articles.
Biomedical studies – Microsoft Research Chief Lost ‘A Couple Weeks of Sleep’ Over ChatGPT-4
Users can instruct GPT-4 to cull a variety of existing research applications into a single AI assistant, said Lee. The assistant could tap into the data connected to the applications and standardize formatting, easing analyses and the training of new machine learning models.
Lee envisions fine-tuning GPT-4 models on specific biological datasets — and ultimately using large-scale neural transformers to predict protein structures. Microsoft is seeing similar abilities to predict protein structure as AlphaFold, a lauded system built by DeepMind, Lee told GeekWire.
“I think that we’re going to see some really useful tools that will help researchers get more done,” Lee told GeekWire.
The mind of the machine – Microsoft Research Chief Lost ‘A Couple Weeks of Sleep’ Over ChatGPT-4
GPT-4 is both “smarter than you and dumber than you” at math, statistics and logic, said Lee in his talk.
GPT-4 has trouble solving Sudoku puzzles because they involve backtracking and re-evaluating answers, and GPT-4 is a “feed forward” tool. “It’s not like you. It’s a different kind of intelligence,” said Lee at the UW.
Microsoft researchers have found that neural nets can solve certain mathematical problems better after they have been trained on language texts, Lee told GeekWire. “And that is a mysterious and weird thing,” he said. The findings also have implications for human intelligence. Said Lee: “Are there forms of mathematics that we’re blind to because our brains are hardwired for language?”
Training models on data like protein structures could yield algorithms and circuits that are hard for human minds to envision, Lee told GeekWire. The outcomes could reveal blind spots in human logic and insights into computer thought. “These are the sort of mysteries that computer science is struggling with,” said Lee.
Microsoft Research Chief Lost ‘A Couple Weeks of Sleep’ Over ChatGPT-4