The Cybersecurity Analyst (CSA+) Exam Study Guide (exam code CS0–001) provides 100% coverage of most exam objectives for the new CSA+ certification.
The CSA+ certification validates a candidate’s skills to configure and rehearse threat detection tools, perform data analysis, identify vulnerabilities with a objective of securing and protecting organizations systems.
Focus your review for the CSA+ CS0–001 study guide and reap the benefits of real-world examples used by experts, hands-on labs, insight concerning how to build your own cybersecurity toolkit, and review questions enable you to gauge knowing about it on each stage.
In addition, you access an interactive learning environment which includes electronic quizzes, a searchable glossary, and numerous bonus practice questions from several case studies and real world examples.
Assessment Test Answer Key – Cybersecurity Analyst (CSA+) Exam Study Guide
Here are the answers to the test above.
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1. After running an nmap scan of a system, you receive scan data that
indicates the following three ports are open:
2. Which of the following tools is best suited to querying data provided by
organizations like the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) as
part of a footprinting or reconnaissance exercise?
Nmap is a useful port scanning utility, traceroute is used for testing the path packets take to a remote system, and regmon is an outdated Windows Registry tool that has been supplanted by Process Monitor.
3. What type of system allows attackers to believe they have succeeded
with their attack, thus providing defenders with information about their
attack methods and tools?
The answer is A. Honeypots are systems that are designed to look like attractive targets. When they are attacked, they simulate a compromise, providing defenders with a chance to see how attackers operate and what tools they use. DNS sinkholes provide false information to malicious software, redirecting queries about command and control systems to allow remediation. Darknets are segments of unused network space that are monitored to detect traffic—since legitimate traffic should never be aimed at the darknet, this can be used to detect attacks and other unwanted traffic. Crackpots are eccentric people—not a system you’ll run into on a network.
The answer is D. Availability = Redundant systems, particularly when run in multiple locations and with other protections to ensure uptime, can help provide availability.
The answer is B. An authenticated, or credentialed, scan provides the most detailed view of the system. Blackbox assessments presume no knowledge of a system and would not have credentials or an agent to work with on the system. Internal views typically provide more detail than external views, but neither provides the same level of detail that credentials can allow.
engine in Microsoft’s Edge browser 1 that could allow remote execution or
denial of service via a specifically crafted website. The CVSS 3.0 score for
this reads CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
What is the attack vector and the impact to integrity based on this rating?
A. System, 9, 8
B. Browser, High
C. Network, High
D. None, High
The answer is C. When reading the CVSS 3.0 score, AV is the attack vector. Here, N means network. Confidentiality (C), Integrity (I), and Availability (A) are listed at the end of the listing, and all three are rated as High in this CVSS rating.
The answer is A. When Ian encounters a false positive error in his scans, his first action should be to verify it. This may involve running a more in-depth scan like an authenticated scan, but could also involve getting assistance from system administrators, checking documentation, or other validation actions. Once he is done, he should document the exception so that it is properly tracked. Implementing a workaround is not necessary for false positive vulnerabilities, and updating the scanner should be done before every vulnerability scan. Using an authenticated scan might help but does not cover all of the possibilities for validation he may need to use.
8. Which phase of the incident response process is most likely to include
gathering additional evidence such as information that would support
B. Detection and Analysis
C. Containment, Eradication, and Recovery
D. Post-Incident Activity and Reporting
The answer is C. The Containment, Eradication, and Recovery phase of an incident includes steps to limit damage and document what occurred, including potentially identifying the attacker and tools used for the attack. This means that information useful to legal actions is most likely to be gathered during this phase.
9. Which of the following descriptions explains an integrity loss?
A. Systems were taken offline, resulting in a loss of business income.
B. Sensitive or proprietary information was changed or deleted.
C. Protected information was accessed or exfiltrated.
D. Sensitive personally identifiable information was accessed or
The answer is B. Integrity breaches involve data being modified or deleted. Systems being taken offline is an availability issue, protected information being accessed might be classified as a breach of proprietary information, and sensitive personally identifiable information breaches would typically be classified as privacy breaches.
10. Which of the following techniques is an example of active monitoring?
D. A network tap
The answer is C. Active monitoring sends traffic like pings to remote devices as part of the monitoring process. RMON and netflows are both examples of router-based monitoring, whereas network taps allow passive monitoring.
11. Ian’s monitoring detects regular traffic sent from a system that is
suspected to be compromised and participating in a botnet to a set of
remote IP addresses. What is this called?
A. Anomalous pings
C. Zombie chatter
The answer is C. Regular traffic from compromised systems to command and control nodes is known as beaconing. Anomalous pings could describe unexpected pings, but they are not typically part of botnet behavior, zombie chatter is a made-up term, and probing is part of scanning behavior in some cases.
12. Which of the following tools is NOT useful for monitoring memory
usage in Linux?
The answer is A. The df command is used to show the amount of free and used disk space. Each of the other commands can show information about memory usage in Linux.
13. Which of the following tools cannot be used to make a forensic disk
The answer is A. FTK, EnCase, and dd all provide options that support their use for forensic disk image creation. Since xcopy cannot create a bitwise image of a drive, it should not be used to create forensic images.
14. During a forensic investigation, Ian is told to look for information in
slack space on the drive. Where should he look, and what is he likely to
A. He should look at unallocated space, and he is likely to find file
fragments from deleted files.
B. He should look at unused space where files were deleted, and he is
likely to find complete files hidden there by the individual being
C. He should look in the space reserved on the drive for spare blocks,
and he is likely to find complete files duplicated there.
D. He should look at unused space left when a file is written, and he
is likely to find file fragments from deleted files.
The answer is D. Slack space is the space left when a file is written. Since the space may have previously been filled by another file, file fragments are likely to exist and be recoverable. Unallocated space is space that has not been partitioned and could contain data, but looking there isn’t part of Ian’s task. The reserved space maintained by drives for wear leveling (for SSDs) or to replace bad blocks (for spinning disks) may contain data, but again, this was not part of his task.
15. What type of system is used to contain an attacker to allow them to be
A. A white box
B. A sandbox
C. A network jail
D. A VLAN
The answer is B. Sandboxes are used to isolate attackers, malicious code, and other untrusted applications. They allow defenders to monitor and study behavior in the sandbox without exposing systems or networks to potential attacks or compromise.
16. Ian’s manager has asked him to ensure that a compromised system
has been completely purged of the compromise. What is Ian’s best course
A. Use an antivirus tool to remove any associated malware
B. Use an antimalware tool to completely scan and clean the system
C. Wipe and rebuild the system
D. Restore a recent backup
The answer is C. The most foolproof means of ensuring that a system does not remain compromised is to wipe and rebuild it. Without full knowledge of when the compromise occurred, restoring a backup may not help, and both antimalware and antivirus software packages cannot always ensure that no remnant of the compromise remains, particularly if the attacker created accounts or otherwise made changes that wouldn’t be detected as malicious software.
17. What level of secure media disposition as defined by NIST SP-800-88
is best suited to a hard drive from a high-security system that will be
reused in the same company by an employee of a different level or job
The answer is B. NIST SP 800-88 defines three levels of action of increasing severity: clear, purge, and destroy. In this case, purging, which uses technical means to make data infeasible to recover, is appropriate for a high security device. Destruction might be preferable, but the reuse element of the question rules this out. Reinstallation is not an option in the NIST guidelines, and clearing is less secure.
18. Which of the following actions is not a common activity during the
recovery phase of an incident response process?
A. Reviewing accounts and adding new privileges
B. Validating that only authorized user accounts are on the systems
C. Verifying that all systems are logging properly
D. Performing vulnerability scans of all systems
The answer is A. The recovery phase does not typically seek to add new privileges. Validating that only legitimate accounts exist, that the systems are all logging properly, and that systems have been vulnerability scanned are all common parts of an incident response recovery phase.
19. A statement like “Windows workstations must have the current
security configuration template applied to them before being deployed” is
most likely to be part of which document?
The answer is B. This statement is most likely to be part of a standard. Policies contain high-level statements of management intent; standards provide mandatory requirements for how policies are carried out, including statements like that provided in the question. A procedure would include the step-by-step process, and a guideline describes a best practice or recommendation.
20. Ian is concerned with complying with the U.S. federal law covering
student educational records. Which of the following laws is he attempting
to comply with?
The answer is D. The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) requires educational institutions to implement security and privacy controls for student educational records. HIPAA covers security and privacy for healthcare providers, health insurers, and health information clearing houses; GLBA covers financial institutions; and SOX applies to financial records of publicly traded companies.
21. A fire suppression system is an example of what type of control?
The answer is B. Fire suppression systems are physical controls. Logical controls are technical controls that enforce confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Administrative controls are procedural controls, and operational controls are not a type of security control as used in security design.
22. Ian is concerned that Bernie and Chris are conspiring to use their
access to defraud their organization. What personnel control will allow
Ian to review their actions to find any issues?
A. Dual control
B. Separation of duties
C. Background checks
D. Cross training
The answer is B. Ian should implement separation of duties in a way that ensures that Bernie and Chris cannot abuse their rights without a third party being involved. This will allow review of their actions and should result in any issues being discovered.
23. Ian wants to implement an authentication protocol that is well suited
to untrusted networks. Which of the following options is best suited to his
needs in its default state?
The answer is A. Kerberos is designed to run on untrusted networks and encrypts authentication traffic by default. LDAP and RADIUS can be encrypted but are not necessarily encrypted by default (and LDAP has limitations as an authentication mechanism). It is recommended that TACACS+ be run only on isolated administrative networks.
24. Which software development life cycle model uses linear development
concepts in an iterative, four-phase process?
The answer is D. The Spiral model uses linear development concepts like those used in Waterfall but repeats four phases through its life cycle: requirements gathering, design, build, and evaluation.